Page 136 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 36

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JEW ISH BOOK ANNUAL
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known for his studies on Spanish Jewry. His comprehensive works
on the history of the Jews in Spain utilized Hebrew sources ex-
tensively. The
Jewish Encyclopedia
also was enriched by many
of his authoritative articles in this area. He likewise contributed
biographical sketches of Sephardim in the Western hemisphere
to the early volumes of the
Publications
of the American Jewish
Historical Society. His major work translated into English was
Christopher Columbus and the Participation of the Jews in the
Spanish and Portuguese Discoveries
(1894, reprinted 1968).
J
on
K
imche
.
70th birthday. Born in St. Gall, Switzerland, June 17,
1909. A journalist in Great Britain, he edited among other pub-
lications several Zionist journals. He also wrote several important
works on the Arab-Israeli conflict, such as
Both Sides of the Hill
(1960),
The Second Arab Awakening
(1970), and
Palestine or
Israel
(1973). Earlier he had written
The Secret Roads
(1954),
dealing with the illegal immigration into Palestine.
I
saac
L
amdan
.
25th anniversary of death. Born in Mlinov, Ukraine,
in 1899, died in Tel-Aviv, November 16, 1954. In Palestine since
1920 after experiencing pogroms in Russia, where his brother
was killed, he first worked as a halutz on roads and farms be-
fore turning to literary pursuits. His major work was a dramatic
poem,
Massadah
(first published in 1927, reprinted several times),
recalling both the ancient tragedies associated with that spot and
the modern retreat of the Jewish people from Eastern Europe
to Palestine as its last redoubt. He also edited the important
literary periodical,
Gilyonot.
A
aron
L
ew in
.
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Przemysl, Poland,
Oct. 31, 1879, perished in the Holocaust in 1941. A prominent
rabbi in Poland, a leader in the Agudat Israel, the world fed-
eration of Orthodox Judaism, and a member of the Polish
parliament, he was popular as a speaker in both Polish and
Yiddish. He published collections of sermons, also commentaries
on parts of the Bible and the Talmud. His addresses in the
Polish parliament were published in Polish.
B
enjam in
M
anasseh
L
ew in
.
100th anniversary of birth. Born in
Gorodets, Russia, May 10, 1879, died in Jerusalem in 1944. A dis-
ciple of Abraham Isaac Kook, who later became chief rabbi of
Palestine, he settled in Palestine in 1912, after having studied
also in Berlin and Berne, Switzerland. Most of his writings dealt
with the Geonic period, the most important being the 13-volume
Otsar ha-Geonim
(1928-62), a collection of Geonic responsa and
commentaries, arranged according to the Talmud. In addition
he prepared critical editions of Geonic classics.