Page 138 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 36

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JEW ISH BOOK ANNUAL
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G
eorge
L
ewis
L
yon
.
75th anniversary of death. Born in Portsmouth,
England, in 1828, died in London, January 14, 1904. In 1873
he established a periodical,
The Jewish World,
a weekly, which
had some importance in British Jewish journalism and was pub-
lished continuously until 1934, when it was merged with the
Jewish Chronicle.
M
eir
L
oeb
M
alb im
.
100th anniversary of death. Born in Volochisk,
Russia, in 1809, died in Kiev September 18, 1879. After a tradi-
tional rabbinic education in Eastern Europe, he served as rabbi
in several communities of the province of Posen in Prussia, becom-
ing chief rabbi of Rumania in 1858. However, he eventually had
to relinquish this position because of his uncompromising opposi-
tion to Reform Judaism in 1864. Thereafter he served inter-
mittently in various communities in the Ukraine. His commen-
taries on the Bible, which proved very popular, were designed
to reinforce traditional Judaism against the onslaughts of modern-
ism. The Oral Law to him was definitely implied in the Torah.
In addition he wrote commentaries on part of the
Shulchan Aruch
and published a collection of sermons.
N
aphtali
M
askileison
.
150th anniversary of birth. Born in Rad-
oshkovich, Russia, February 20, 1829, died in Minsk in 1897.
Son of a prominent rabbi, he engaged throughout his life in pub-
lishing and selling books. Sometimes he would include in them
some of his own poems without mentioning his name. His main
work, however, was a new edition of the 18th-century chronicle,
Seder ha-Dorot
by Jehiel Heilprin (died 1746). He also published
some sermons and a commentary on the Haggadah.
S
himshon
M
eltzer
.
70th birthday. Born in Tluste, Galicia, February
19, 1909. In Palestine since 1933 he first engaged in teaching,
later in editorial work at the daily
Davar
and at various pub-
lishing houses. As a Hebrew poet he used Hasidic motifs ex-
tensively. He likewise translated many works from Yiddish into
Hebrew. In addition he published essays of literary criticism
which were also collected in book form.
M
oses
M
endelssohn
.
250th anniversary of birth. Born in Dessau,
Germany, September 26, 1729, died in Berlin in 1786. He was
one of the first Jews to receive a well-rounded modern educa-
tion, when he followed his rabbi. David Frankel, to Berlin in
1743. From 1755 he began to publish essays in philosophy, ad-
hering to the school of Enlightenment, then in vogue, but man-
aged to fit Judaism into his philosophic system. His associa-
tion with prominent German literary figures, such as Lessing,
made it possible for him to intercede on behalf of threatened