Page 141 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 36

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W IENER / JEW ISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
E
rnst
S
imon
.
80th birthday. Born in Berlin, March 15, 1899. Coming
from an assimilated family, he became a Zionist and religious
Jew after World War I. Trained in philosophy and education
in Germany, he settled in Palestine in 1928, eventually becom-
ing director of the school of education at the Hebrew Univer-
sity. As a humanist he pleaded for a bi-national state for Jews
and Arabs in Palestine. He was co-editor of the Hebrew education
encyclopedia and is active in the Leo Baeck Institute, which has
published studies on the history of German Jewry. As a friend
of Buber and Rosenzweig, he also participated in the editing of
some their works.
H
ayyim
S
elig
S
lonimski
. 75th anniversary of death. Born in Bialy-
stok, Russia, died in Warsaw, May 15, 1904. He wrote popu lar
science books in Hebrew in line with his Haskalah views. He
founded the journal
Ha-Zefirah
in 1862, which later under Nahum
Sokolow assumed great importance. Among his works were sev-
eral on the Hebrew calendar, in which he showed some errors in
its astronomical basis, thus antagonizing the Orthodox. In his
later writings, he took care not to offend them.
S
halom
S
piegel
.
80th birthday. Born in Rumania, January 26, 1899.
Educated in Vienna, he taught in Palestine and since 1929 in
New York, first at the Jewish Institute of Religion and then at
the Jewish Tehological Seminary of America. His field is medieval
Hebrew literature. In that area he has published numerous
articles and edited old texts.
The Last Trial
(1967) deals with
the theme of the sacrifice of Isaac in the Midrash, the traditional
Jewish homiletical literature. His best known work, however,
is
Hebrew Reborn
(1930, reprinted 1962), the first extensive
treatment of modern Hebrew literature in English.
B
en jam in
S
zold
.
150th anniversary of birth. Born in Nemiskert,
Hungary, November 15, 1829, died in Baltimore in 1902. After
studying at the Breslau rabbinical seminary he came to Baltimore
in 1858 where he officiated as rabbi until his death. One of the
early Conservative rabbis, he prepared his own prayerbook, which
took a middle position between tradition and Reform. An early
Zionist, he promoted the study of Hebrew and also wrote a com-
mentary on the Book of Job.
S
amuel
T
chernowitz
.
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Sebesh,
Russia, December 13, 1879, died in Tel-Aviv in 1929. An early
Zionist, he was active in Hebrew journalism throughout his life,
first in Europe and then in Palestine since 1921. He served as
secretary of the Vaad Leumi, the national council of the Jews in
Palestine under the Mandate and was also on the editorial board