Page 78 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 36

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raries which as yet do not benefit from the Section’s allocations
and come under its supervision are largely those in the older
cities and in most kibbutzim as well as in many of the older
moshavim. This situation reflects the Section’s open—and highly
justifiable—preference of development towns and newer mo-
shavim with largely immigrant populations, though in the case
of many kibbutzim this preference on the part of the Section
is compatible with their reluctance to join regional library
Actually, most of the libraries benefitting today from alloca-
tions received a considerable part of their budgets from the
Libraries Section even prior to the enactment of the Law in
July 1975. T he growth in the number of supervised libraries
is reflected in the following statistics. From 17 administrative
units under the Section’s supervision in 1962, the number grew
to 47 in 1970 (serving 162 cities and settlements),8 and to the
76 units with their 392 service points tha t we have counted
in early 1978. The achievement of the Section in the provision
of some library service to as many communities as possible
has been impressive. Surveys conducted by the Section clearly
show that it has been successful in bringing library service to
more and more people. In 1961-1962, of the 640 Jewish com-
munities which returned the questionnaire, 286 had no library
service at all. Seventeen of these were municipalities or local
councils (small urban communities which have not yet achieved
the status of cities), and 251 were rural settlements. Of the
latter, 36 were older established settlements, and 215 were newer
ones, populated mostly by new immigrants.9 A survey in 1968
showed that 133 communities still had no library service,10 while
unpublished results of a survey held in early 1977 reveal that
of the 610 replies received from Jewish settlements, only 15
reported no library service at all.11 Undoubtedly, the establish-
ment of greater numbers of regional libraries and their provi­
8 K. I. Golan, “Me-Ba’ayoteha shel ha-Safriya ha-Tzibburit be-Yisrael [B],"
Yad Lahore,
vol. 10, no. 4 (April 1970), p. 11.
9 K. I. Golan, “Pe’ulot Misrad Ha-Hinuch Ve’ha-Tarbut be־Shetah ha-
Sifriya ha־Tzibburi׳t,”
Yad Lakore,
vol. 7, no. 4 (August 1964), p. 125.
10 K. I. Golan, “Me-Ba’ayoteha shel ha-Sifriya ha-Tzibburit be-Yisrael [A],”
Yad Lakore,
vol. 10, no. 2-S (August 1969), p. 116.
11 I am greatly indebted to the Libraries Section for allowing me to use
the data gathered from this last survey.