Page 170 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 37

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162
JEWISH BOOK ANNUAL
contemporary society, rejecting assimilation and op ting for Zionism.
He wrote a number of novels with Jewish and general themes.
For a long time he was a major literary figure in the American
Jewish community.
Aaron Samue l Liebermann. 100th anniversary of death. Born in Lunna,
Lithuania, in 1845, died in New York, November 18, 1880. A ftei
revolutionary activity in Russia he escaped to England in 1875,
where he published articles about the Jewish workers in Vilna and
Bialystok in a Russian emigre magazine. These articles were re­
cently translated into Hebrew. In 1877 he published the first
Socialist periodical in Hebrew,
ha -Em e t ,
in Vienna. Th is likewise
has been re-issued. His attempt to establish a Socialist Jewish
organization in England failed, but in Israel he is remembered
as one of the first Jewish socialists.
B
e n z io n
L
u r i e
.
75th birthday. Born in Bialystok, Russia, November 4,
1905. In Palestine since 1925, he graduated from the Hebrew
University in Palestine studies. His works deal with the geography
of Israel, includ ing maps and atlases. He also has written about
the Jews in ancient Syria, a biography of Alexander Jannai, the
Maccabean king, and about the Copper Scroll among the Dead
Sea Scrolls.
S
a m u e l
N
ig e r
.
25th anniversary of death. Born in Russia in 1883, died
in New York December 24, 1955. In his early years in Russia he
was a Labor Zionist and wrote political articles in Hebrew and
Russian, for which he was arrested many times. After the Revo lu ­
tion of 1905, however, he turned to Yiddish literature, gradually
acquiring a reputation as a critic that followed him to this country
where lie came after World War I. In the last decades of his life,
he was considered the outstanding critic in his field. His reviews
appeared in the daily
D e r T o g
and the monthly
Z u k u n f t
for many
years. In addition to various collections of his articles, his literary
activity included in itiating the
L e k s ik o n fun d e r N a y e r Y id ish e r
L i te r a tu r .
He also prepared a complete ed ition of I. L. Peretz’s
works.
J
u l e s
J
u l iu s
O
p p e r
.
75th anniversary of death. Born in Hamburg,
Germany, in 1825, died in Paris, August 20, 1905. Emigrating to
France as a young man he joined an exped ition to Mesopotamia,
during which he identified the site of ancient Babylon. Later he
became professor of Assyriology at the College de France. As part
of his scholarly activity he deciphered many cuneiform inscriptions.
A leader in the field, he edited and contributed to the major
scholarly journals in that area and was recognized by being elected
to the Acad^mie des Inscriptions and Belles-Lettres, serving later