Page 172 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 37

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164
JEWISH BOOK ANNUAL
D
a v id
S
o l o m o n
S
a s s o o n
.
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Bombay,
India, December 8, 1880, died in Letchworth, England, in 1942.
A scion of the well-to-do Sassoon family from Baghdad, he collected
a large library of Hebrew books and manuscripts. For the latter
he prepared a very detailed catalogue. He wrote a
H is to r y o f the
Jew s o f B a gh d a d
(1949) and edited also the
D iv a n
of Samuel
ha-Nagid (1932) based on a manuscript he owned.
Nahum
M
e y e r
Sha ikev ich (Shomer) . 75th anniversary of death. Born
in Nesvizh, Russia, in 1849, died in New York, November 24, 1905.
He achieved early popularity as a writer of Yiddish fiction and
plays. By the time he came to the Un ited States in 1889 his
reputation as a playwright had preceded him, as his plays were
performed here. His melodramas always had a happy end, some
of them even being acted out to this day. His reputation was not
hurt by the disapproval of Sholem Aleichem.
G
e r s h o n
S
h o f f m a n
.
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Orsha, Belo-
russia, February 28, 1880, died in Gedera, Israel, in 1972. He
settled in Palestine in 1938, after having lived in Austria for
25 years. Throughout his life he wrote short stories in Hebrew,
which were collected at various times in several volumes. His
style is characterized by simplicity and lucidity. His subject matter
revolves around the crises of modern Jewish life as experienced
by East European Jews, the decline of traditional beliefs, the hopes
and disappointments engendered by the Socialist movements to
which young peop le dedicated themselves, and the increasing
pressures of anti-Semitism in this century. Some of his stories have
been translated into English and were published in various colĀ­
lections.
J
o s e p h
M
oses
S
p ir o
.
150th anniversary of death. Born in Trietsch,
Moravia, in 1770, died in Kanitz, August 3, 1830. A rabbi in
various communities in Moravia, finally in Kanitz, he was strongly
opposed to the casuistic method of Ta lmud study, called P ilpul.
He also was among the first to advocate a systematic organization
of religious education for children, which he espoused in his
writings, in Hebrew.
L
u dw ig
S
t e i n
.
50tli anniversary of death. Born in Hungary in 1859,
died in Berlin, July 14, 1930. A rabbi trained in Germany, he
eventually became professor of philosophy at the University of
Berne, Switzerland. H is writings deal with various aspects of
philosophy, and include a series of lectures delivered in America
(E v o lu t io n a n d O p t im i sm ,
1926). An early work was on freedom
of the will in relation to providence in medieval Jewish philosophy.