Page 173 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 37

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WIENER / JEWISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
165
E
l ie z e r
S
t e j n b a r g
.
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Lipkany, Bes
sarabia, in 1880, died in Czernowitz, Bukowina, Romania, in 1932.
An educator in his hometown and later in Czernowitz, an im­
portant center of Jewish life, he won the attention of Bialik with
his fables written in Yiddish and recited by outstanding Yiddish
actors. They were not published until after his death, when they
achieved great popularity, passed through several editions and
were translated into various languages. His fables do not follow
the usual moralistic pattern, but proceed rather from an original
view of the world. He also wrote popular children’s stories in
Hebrew.
E
p h r a im
J
o s e p h
T
a l m i
.
75th birthday. Born near Plotsk, Poland,
September 30, 1905. In Palestine since 1925, he has been editor of
Davar li-Yeladim ,
the children’s supplement to the daily news­
paper,
Davar,
since 1956. In addition to children’s books, he has
prepared numerous anthologies on the various regions of Israel,
as well as several other works of historical and geographical interest.
J
acob
M
oses
T
oledano
. 100th anniversary of birth. Born in Tiberias,
Palestine, August 18, 1880, died in Jerusalem in 1960. He served
as rabbi in Palestine, but later in Tangier, Spanish Morocco, and
also in Cairo and Alexandria, Egypt. From 1942 he was Sephardic
chief rabbi of Tel-Aviv, and in 1958 he became minister of religious
affairs. His works in Hebrew include a history of the Jews in
Morocco, a bibliography of the supercommentaries to Rashi’s com­
mentary on the Pentateuch, a collection of responsa, and notes
on the history of Palestine based on manuscript material.
Z
ev
V
i l n a i
.
80th birthday. Born in Kishinev, Russia, June 12, 1900.
Settling in Palestine with his parents as a child, he was from the
1920s a very popular guide on tours of the country and surrounding
areas. His
Guide to Israel
went through many editions. He also
published
The N ew Israel Atlas: B ib le to Present Day
(1968) ;
also
Legends of Palestine
(1932 and later editions) and many more
detailed studies of various parts of Israel in Hebrew.
I
sa a c
H
ir sch
W
e is s
.
75th anniversary of death. Born in Gross Mese-
ritsch, Moravia, in 1815, died in Vienna, May 30, 1905. Since 1864
he taught in a school of Jewish studies headed by the prominent
Viennese rabbi and scholar Adolf Jellinek. An adherent to Haskalah
throughout his life, lie took a m iddle position between the tradi­
tionalists and the reformers in his views on Judaism, opposing
Zionism, but espousing the traditional lore of the Jews. He
prepared critical editions of the
M ekh ilta
and the
Sifra,
the second
century commentaries on Exodus and Leviticus, respectively. His
major work, however, was a history of rabbinic law in Hebrew