Page 174 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 37

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JEWISH BOOK ANNUAL
from the beg inn ing until the end of the 15th century. Th is was
widely acclaimed and also criticized among students of rabbinics.
M
a r k
W
i s c h n it z e r
.
25th anniversary of death. Born in Rovno, Poland,
in 1882, died in Tel-Aviv, October 16, 1955. After academic training
in history in Germany, he returned to Russia as an editor of the
Russian Jewish encyclopedia, also teaching at a college of Jewish
studies sponsored by Baron David Guenzburg in St. Petersburg,
now Leningrad. After the Russian Revolution, he eventually moved
to Berlin, where he served as executive of a Jewish welfare organiza­
tion. In 1937 he left Germany, finally settling in the Un ited
States in 1941. While in Germany lie had collaborated on the
German
Encyclopaedia Judaica
(1928-34) . In this country he
contributed to the
Universal Jewish Encycloped ia
(1939-43). He
edited and translated the
M emoirs of Ber of Bolechow
(1922), an
important source of 18th-century Jewish life in Galicia. Posthu­
mously in 1965, his
H istory of Jewish Crafts and Guilds,
another
area of his expertise, was published.
L
u c ie n
W
o l f
.
50th anniversary of death. Born in London in 1857, died
there August 24, 1930. A British newspaperman, whose interest
in Jews and Judaism was aroused by the persecution of Russian
Jewry, he edited the bu lletin ,
Darkest Russia
(1912-14). In 1917
he became secretary of the Jo in t Foreign Committee of the Anglo-
Jewish Association and the Board of Deputies of British Jews. An
anti-Zionist he favored Israel Zangwill’s Territorialism and sup­
ported the minorities conventions in the peace treaties after World
War I. He was a founder of the Jewish Historical Society of
England and contributed many articles to its publications, mainly
on Anglo-Jewish history during the late M iddle Ages. He also
edited records of the trials by the Inquisition.
Y
e h u d a
Y
a a r i
.
80th birthday. Born in Galicia, November 22, 1900.
An active member of Hashomer Hatzair, he emigrated to Palestine
in 1920, where he helped found the first Kibbutz of his movement.
Later he became a librarian, then a functionary of the Keren
Hayesod, finally serving in Israeli missions abroad as a cultural at­
tache and consul general. His stories describe the struggles of the
settlers after the First World War. Tw o volumes of his collected
stones appeared in English,
Prisoners of H ope
(1945) and
The
Covenant
(1965), as well as the novel,
When the Candle was
Burning
(1947).
S
a m u e l
L
o e b
Z
i t r o n
.
50th anniversary of death. Born in Minsk in
1860, died in Vilna, November 8, 1930. After leaving the yeshivah
he was attracted to the Haskalah, working with Smolenskin in
Vienna. He later became active in the Hibbat Zion movement and