Page 64 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 37

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bors, and Jewish participation in the war have app ea red fo r some
time in both the
Biro-Bidzhaner Shtem
in Sovetish Heimland.
Nahumke Esrog (S.H.,
February and March 1978) contains
echoes o f Sholem Aleichem and o f the Soviet Yiddish writer,
Isaac Kipnis. It deals with the period o f the Civil War and the
pogroms. H ere is a
in upheaval: a rabbi “recites the old
formu la” at a wedding; the Jews assemble in the synagogue to
pray for the recall o f a military edict tha t th rea ten s to destroy the
en tire popu la tion if a guilty person is not p roduced . In this novel
o f the recen t past, written with a very con temporary po in t o f view,
the au tho r writes very disparagingly o f em igration.
T he most impressive novel, tha t o f Nathan Zabare, is generally
known by its Hebrew name,
Galgal hakhoyzer
(The wheel is tu rn ­
ing). Its separate parts are called
S’iz nokh greys der tog
(The day is
still young);
Unter der heiser zunfun Provans
(Unde r the ho t sun o f
Provence); and
In mitn heIn batog
(In the m iddle o f a clear day)
1972, 1973, 1975, 1977). Written in the trad itional realistic
style o f ou r major realistic writers, Zabare’s novel is rich in the
Hebraic element o f Yiddish. He describes Jewish life in Provence,
sou thern France, in the twelfth and th irteen th centuries. Among
the characters he has included are a number o f well-known histor­
ical figures.
Lavish descriptions are given o f business conditions and the
econom ics d u r in g th e C ru sades . Ph ilosoph ica l d iscussions
abound dealing with the Kabbalah and religion. Magnificient
accounts are presen ted o f en tertainmen ts fea tu ring Jewish bars,
b a r ten d e rs , and troub ado rs . T h e novel cons titu tes a g rea t
achievement for the late au tho r and fo r Yiddish literature. It
serves as an
apologia proJudaeis
in stressing the importance o f the
Jewish community in the medieval world and the pressures which
shaped its life and occupations.7
T he ed itor o f
Sovetish Heimland
, Aaron Vergelis, has published
a novel,
Di tsait
(Time) in which he describes Jewish nationalists
who are opposed to integration with non-Jews and who are guilty
o f sabotage and o f collaboration with the Nazis.8Vergelis has also
published what he calls a “dramatic novelette,” “Eichmann in
Je rusa lem ”
no 4, 1978), in which he describes a Purim
Galgal hakhoyzer
was probably edited, with some parts deleted. It has not yet been
published in book form. A complete manuscript of the novel is in Israel and it is
hoped that it will soon be made available.
Di tsait
was published in
nos. 4, 8, 12, 1974, and no. 12, 1975.