Page 155 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 38

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strange realm in which ou r dreams exercise a more tyrannical
sway over us than does the wealth or logic o f dazzling daylight.
No wonder, therefo re , that Sigmund Freud saw in Schnitzler
an allied spirit who by poetic intuition arrived at conclusions
similar to those he himself arrived at afte r meticulous scientific
examination o f psychological phenom ena and after painstaking
analytical work with patients. No wonder also that it was a disciple
o f Freud, T heodo r Reik, who wrote the first major study on the
Viennese dramatist,
Arthur Schnitzler als Psycholog,
1913, a book
which he dedicated to Freud.
The literary circle o f which Schnitzler was the most rep resen ta­
tive figure has come to be known as “Jungw ien .” It included
H e rm ann B ah r, R ichard B ee r -H o fm ann , Hugo von H o f ­
mannsthal, Peter Altenberg, Felix Salten, and several lesser writ­
ers. Its influence ex tended to Theodo r Herzl, Rainer Maria Rilke,
and Stefan Zweig. In 1981, Schnitzler’s
which reproduce
his thoughts and feelings with great fidelity and which could not
be released earlier than half a century after his death, will become
available for publication. They will cast light on these figures, his
relationship to them, and his comments on life and letters. This
significant event is eagerly awaited by readers and adm irers of
this finest literary in te rp re ter o f the “World of Yesterday,” as
Stefan Zweig called it, the Vienna culture in which Jews played so
prom inent a role.