Page 158 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 38

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JEW ISH BOOK ANNUAL
L
e o
B
a e c k
.
25th anniversary of death. Born in Lissa, Germany, in
1873, died in London, November 1, 1956. A prom inent German
liberal rabbi who officiated in Berlin from 1913 to 1943, when
he was deported to the Theresienstadt Concentration Camp, he
also had taught at the liberal rabbinical seminary in Berlin and
occupied leadership positions in various German Jewish organiza­
tions. His scholarly writings deal with Jewish theology, moving
away from the rationalism of his earlier period to a greater
appreciation of the mystical element in Judaism. After World War
II he divided his time between teaching at the Hebrew Un ion
College in Cincinnati and leading informal study groups in
London. His major works in English include
T h e E ssence o f J u ­
d a ism
(1936, 1961);
T h e Pha risees
(1947, 1966) ;
Ju da ism an d
C h r is t ian i ty
(1958) ; and
T h is P e o p le I sra e l; the M e a n in g o f J ew ­
ish E x is ten ce
(1964).
J
a c o b
S
a m u e l
B
i c k
.
150th anniversary of death. Born in Brody,
Galicia, in 1772, died there May 21, 1831. One of the early H e­
brew writers who championed the Haskalah in Galicia, he trans­
lated French and English poems into Hebrew and wrote for the
Haskalah journals
B iku re h a - l t t im , K e r em H em e d ,
and others.
In contradistinction to many other Maskilim, who rejected the
Yiddish language, he rather commended the publication and
translations of works into it as a boon to the simple Jewish people
who spoke this language.
R a h e l B luw s te in . 50th anniversary of death. Born in Saratov, Russia,
in 1890, died in T e l Aviv April 16, 1931. Although she had
begun to write poems in Russian before com ing to Palestine in
1909, she became a pioneer farmer and learned Hebrew, writing
her poems in Hebrew from then on. During World War I she was
in Russia and returned to Deganya after the war. But as a sufferer
from tuberculosis she could not carry on her farm work and
spent most of her last years in sanitoria. Th is fate is reflected in
her poetry, which also was influenced by Russian models of her
time. T h e biblical idiom and the conversational style of modern
her poetry, which also was influenced by Russian models of her
poems popular with the public and with Israeli composers who
set many of them to music, the best known being
K in n e r e t .
B
er
B
o r o c h o v
.
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Zolotonosha,
Ukraine, June 21, 1881, died in Kiev in 1917. Borochov is con­
sidered the principal theoretician of Socialist Zionism. Un t il his
time it had been difficult for Jewish Marxists to reconcile their
devotion to Socialism with Jewish nationalism. But he insisted
that the practical needs of the Jewish people required a separate
territory in which a Socialist society would be built. Although he