Page 159 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 38

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WIENER / JEW ISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
149
came from a Russian-speaking home, he eventually learned Yid­
dish and wrote in both languages. In addition to his Zionist writ­
ings he also wrote on Yiddish philology and prepared a b iblio­
graphy of Yiddish language research. A selection of his works in
English was published under the title,
N a t io n a l ism an d the Class
S trugg le , a M a rx ian A p p ro a ch to the Jew ish P ro b lem
(1937, 1972).
J
o s e p h
H
a y y im
B
r e n n e r
.
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Novi
Mlini, Ukraine, September 11, 1881, killed in the Arab riots in
Jaffa, Israel, in 1921. Leaving Russia in 1904 after having re­
ceived a traditional Jewish education, he settled in Palestine in
1909, alternately working on the land and teaching. He wrote
both in Yiddish and Hebrew, his stories dealing with contempor­
ary Jewish life as he had experienced it. In his style he de­
liberately rejected classical models, but rather tried to approxi­
mate the spoken Hebrew language. He also wrote literary criticism
and translated some contemporary novels from German and Rus­
sian into Hebrew. He has had considerable influence on more
recent Hebrew writers because of his unconventional outlook.
T h e only major work of his in English translation is
B reakdow n
an d B e r e a v em en t
(1971).
B
e r n h a r d
B
r il l in g
.
75th birthday. Born near Posen, Germany, June 3,
1906. Until 1939 he served as archivist of the Jewish community
of Breslau, Germany, when he went to Palestine, continuing his
archival activity in Tel-Aviv. Since 1957 he has been with the
Institutum Judaicum Delitzschianum at the University of Mu-
enster, Germany. He has published histories of the Jews in Breslau
and Silesia and also edited source material on the history of the
Jews in Westphalia. He has also written on early Hebrew print­
ing in Germany.
S
o l o m o n
B
u b e r
.
75th anniversary of death. Born in Lemberg, Galicia,
in 1827, died there December 28, 1906. A well-to-do businessman,
he employed his wealth to acquire manuscripts of midrashic texts
and to edit them and subsidize other scholars to do the same.
Th is work stimulated many others in the critical examination of
rabbinic works and rescued also many forgotten and almost un­
known texts from oblivion. He was the grandfather of the
philosopher Martin Buber.
Y
a a k o v
C
a h a n
.
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Slutsk, Russia,
June 28, 1881, died in Tel-Aviv in 1960. A Hebrew poet from his
adolescence who was active in Jewish cultural and Zionist organ­
izations in Poland, Germany, and Russia before settling in Pales­
tine in 1934, he negated the Jewish Diaspora and looked to the
distant heroic Jewish past as a model for the “New Hebrew.” In
this connection he also wrote a number of plays with biblical