Page 166 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 38

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as Whitman, Frost, and Sandburg. T h e latter’s poem, “Prairie,”
he translated into Hebrew. He also published a volume of Yid
dish poetry, including his own translations of his Hebrew poems.
a x
a i s i n
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Nieswizh, Poland,
July 15, 1881, died in Florence, Alabama, in 1957. A graduate of
the Hebrew Un ion College in 1903, he served as Reform rabbi
for many years in Paterson, New Jersey. He collaborated on the
Hebrew periodical
H a -Sh iloah ,
edited by Ahad H a’am and wrote
books in Hebrew, Yiddish, and English. In Hebrew he published
works on John Milton, on American Jewish history, and a collec­
tion of letters by Hebrew writers, as well as an autobiographical
work. His reminiscences about prom inent Jewish personalities
appeared in Yiddish and English, the latter under the title,
G rea t
Jew s I have K n o w n
a m u e l
sa a c
o s e p h
c h e r e s c h e w s k y
150th anniversary of birth.
Born in Taurage, Lithuania, May 6, 1831, died in Tokyo, Japan,
in 1906. After emigrating to America in 1854, he converted to
Christianity and eventually became an Episcopal missionary in
China, being appointed bishop in 1887. He is best remembered
for his translation of the Bible into Mandarin Chinese, which
he continued to carry on even after suffering a stroke, using two
fingers on a typewriter. Because of that his translation became
known as the “Tw o Finger B ib le .”
A r th u r S ch n itz le r . 50th anniversary of death. Born in Vienna in
1862, died there October 21, 1931. He was trained as a physician
with particular interest in psychotherapy. A friend of Sigmund
Freud, he turned to writing plays, exp loring the psychological
problems in the relations of the sexes. These proved very success­
ful, especially in the period before World War I. More recently
some of them were produced on American television. Of Jewish
interest is
P ro fe sso r B e rn h a rd i
(1912), translated into English
the fo llow ing year, which has as its hero a Jewish physician who is
subjected to anti-Semitic attacks by a Catholic priest for prevent­
ing him from administering the last rites to a dying patient. In
the novel,
D e r W eg ins F re ie
(1908), English translation,
T h e
R o a d to the O p e n
(1923), he describes the dilemma of the Jew in
modern life, as he faces the constant antagonism of the majority.
h a r e f
75th birthday. Born in Izbor, Bukovina, then Austria-
Hungary, now Russia, April 21, 1906. In Palestine since 1925, he
was active in the Poale Zion movement, rising to leadership in
the Jewish Agency. In 1948 he was secretary of the emergency
committee that helped to bring about the establishment of the
administration of the State of Israel. Later he served in various
government positions, also as member of the cabinet. T h e crucial