Page 58 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 38

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Churches Under Hitler: Background, Struggle, and Epilogue
S tate Univ. P ress, 1978); F r ied r ich B aum g a rte l,
Wider die
(Freimund-Verlag, 1976); and Wolfgang
Gerlach’s comprehensive though regrettably unpub lished doc­
toral dissertation at Hamburg ,
Zwischen Kreuz und Davidstern,
Bekennende Kirche in ihrer Stellung zum Judentum im Dritten Reich
(1972); cf. Franklin H. Littell and H uber t G. Locke, eds.,
German Church Struggle and the Holocaust
(Wayne State Univ. Press,
1974) and Yehuda Bauer’s helpful though elementary sketch,
“Jew and Gentile: T he Holocaust and A fter,” in his S troum Lec­
tures at the University o f Washington,
The Holocaust in Historical
(Univ. o f Washington Press, 1978). For a hea r ten ing
antidote to the consequent despair tha t pursues us all, readers are
u rged to take up Philip Hallie’s
Lest Innocent Blood Be Shed
(H a rpe r
and Row, 1979), the story o f the French village o f Le Chambon
and “how goodness happened th e re” in the persons o f the Protes­
tant pastor A ndre Trocme and his congregants, who at mortal
peril tu rned the ir en tire village into a sanctuary for Jewish re f ­
ugees, saving thousands o f adults and children.
T he
has received only m inor attention within the
Christian theology o f Germany; cf. Alice and Roy Eckardt, “How
German Th inkers View the Holocaust,”
The Christian Century,
(1976), 249-252; and A. Roy Eckardt, “Ju rg en Moltmann, the
Jewish People, and the Holocaust
''Journal of the American Academy
o f Religion,
44 (1976), 675-691. As th e Catholic h is to rian -
theologian Charlotte Klein shows devastatingly in
Anti-Judaism in
Christian Theology
(Fortress Press, 1978), hostility to Juda ism and
Jews continues to pervade much present-day German biblical,
and particularly New Testament, scholarship, not excepting the
most respected and authoritative figures. T he judgm en t applies
as well, though to a lesser degree, to French scholars. We must
add to Klein’s findings that the hopelessness o f German Chris­
tianity vis-a-vis the Christian-Jewish encoun ter is conveyed in the
tru th that such “en ligh tened” and leading con temporary theolo­
gians as Ju rg en Moltmann, Wolfhart Pannenberg , Karl Rahner,
and Hans Kiing, all o f whom are en tirely cognizant o f the
methods and findings o f “h igher criticism,” continue to insist tha t
Jesus was the “b lasphem er” who had to die at the hands o f the
Jews because o f the ir “Law.” T he Holocaust has had little if any
impact upon these thinkers. Th ings have no t changed very much
in Germany. But then , the Christian New Testam en t does no t