Page 166 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 39

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standards be maintained. Typically, moreover, he never once
asked that his continuator share publication credits with him.
In the analytical portions o f
The Church and the Jews,
worked a mild revolution. For while hie spoke forthrightly, as on
one occasion when he declared that certain papal attitudes moved
“in the direction of eliminating the Jew from Society,” he was
equally prepared, unlike his predecessors, to point to consistent
efforts made by the popes on behalf o f the Jews. He was even
ready to view a number of Jewish actions as potentially threaten­
ing to Christian society and thus to concede that various stringent
measures were enacted by the popes in “the defense o f Chris­
tianity.” Grayzel, in other words, had at last made serious aca­
demic study possible in a field which hitherto had invariably been
investigated more by the heart than by the mind.
Dr. Grayzel saw in
The Church and theJews
only a beginning, and
he had every intention of carrying his studies, especially o f the
thirteenth century papacy, much farther. Accordingly, it comes
as no surprise that without exception, every piece o f ancillary
literature to be cited by future scholars in discussing the popes
and the Jews of this period is already mentioned in Grayzel’s
copious footnotes. Dr. Grayzel’s plans are also evident in the
studies he produced in the 1940s and 1950s: a discussion of
Jewish life under the fourteenth century Avignonese popes (
toria Judaica,
1940); the publication, albeit in a somewhat ab­
breviated format, of the letters of John XX II pertaining to Jews
1950-51, part 2); the analysis of references made to the
Jews in a thirteenth century papal formulary
1955); and the
translation of the confession wrought by the papal inquisition
from a southern French convert who had reverted to Judaism
Grayzel’s next major publications, his well-known study o f the
Constitutio pro Judaeis,
the bull,
Sicut Judaeis,
was not to appear,
however, until 1962 (A.A. Neuman Festschrift). The cause for
this delay was, of course, Dr. Grayzel’s untiring labors on behalf of
the Jewish community. Between 1929 and 1945 he taught both
Jewish history and served as registrar at Gratz College in
Philadelphia. The latter was an especially taxing position, given