Page 172 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 39

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JEWISH BOOK ANNUAL
government yearbook in English, compiled Hebrew-English and
English-Hebrew dictionaries and also a book of Jewish proverbs in
English and Hebrew,
Words o f the Wise
(1970 ). He is also the author of
various Hebrew linguistic studies, many of which have been pub­
lished by the Hebrew Language Academy.
M
oshe
A
vigdor
A
m ie l
.
100th anniversary of birth. Born near Grodno,
April 1, 1882, died in Tel Aviv in 1945. An early follower o f Miz-
rachi, he participated in this movement throughout his life, first in
Eastern Europe, then as chief rabbi in Antwerp, Belgium, and
finally in the same position in Tel Aviv from 1936 on. In addition to
works on religious Zionism he published collections of sermons and
studies in Judaism, all in Hebrew.
S
holem
A
sch
.
25th anniversary o f death. Born in Kutno, Poland, in 1880,
died in London, July 10, 1957. One of the best-known Yiddish
writers of his generation, he was one o f those who widened the
horizon of Yiddish literature beyond the environment o f the shtetl.
For many years he lived in the United States, where many o f his
works appeared also in English translation. Noteworthy were
Three
Cities
about modern Jewish life in Eastern Europe, and the trilogy on
Christianity,
The Nazarene, The Apostle
, and
Mary,
which were not well
received by his Yiddish readers. They accused him o f glorifying
Christianity at the expense ofJudaism, although the English reading
public appreciated his talent as a story teller and delineator of
character.
B
ertho ld
A
u e r ba ch
.
100th anniversary of death. Born in Nordstetten,
Germany, in 1812, died in Cannes, France, February 8, 1882.
A s
part of the first generation of modern educated German Jews he
achieved popular success as a novelist who depicted life in the Black
Forest. Many of his works were translated into English and Hebrew.
Of Jewish interest were two of his novels, one about the poet Eph­
raim Kuh, a contemporary of Moses Mendelssohn (
Poet and M er­
chant,
1877), another about Spinoza. A proud Jew, who nevertheless
believed in the assimilation of German Jewry, he was deeply hurt by
the rise of anti-Semitism in Germany in the 1870 ’s and saw much of
his popularity and influence in German literature destroyed.
E
lias
A
u er ba ch
.
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Ritschenwalde,
Posen, then Germany, July 28, 1882, died in Haifa in 1971.
A
physician who settled in Haifa in 1909, he wrote pamphlets on
Zionism in his youth, but later turned to biblical studies, his major
work being a history of Israel up to the return from the Babylonian
Exile in German, then translated into Hebrew. In English there
appeared
Moses
(1972 ). He wrote an autobiography, detailing his
early struggles as a settler in Palestine.