Page 180 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 39

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JEWISH BOOK ANNUAL
Hebrew proverbs and some unusual poetry. He is considered
among the first o f the Maskilim. His Hebrew style was unusual, for
he had mastered the biblical imitation style, called
melizah.
In several
instances, however, he moved beyond this realizing that the Hebrew
language had to expand in the modern era.
I
srael
S
chapiro
. 100th anniversary o f birth and 25th anniversary of
death. Born near Suwalki, Poland, December 5, 1882, died in Ho-
lon, Israel, June 2, 1957. After receiving a traditional education at
home he studied Semitics at the University of Strasbourg. From
1913 to 1944 he was Chief of the Semitics Division at the Library of
Congress. The beginning of his tenure there coincided with the
arrival of a large collection of Hebrew books, assembled by the
bibliographer Ephraim Deinard and presented by the philan­
thropist Jacob Schiff, which helped make this national American
library one of the major centers of the Hebrew book. In addition to
an early study of the aggadic elements in the Koran, he published
bibliographies o f Hebrew translations o f English and German
classics.
M
orris
U.
S
cha ppes
.
75th birthday. Born in Kamenetz-Podolsk, Russia,
May 3, 1907. In the United States since 1914, he has taught at
various academic institutions in the New York metropolitan area.
During the last twenty years he has been engaged in American
Jewish historical studies. His major works are the anthology,
A
Documentary History of theJews in the United States, 1654 -1 8 7 5
(1960,
3rd. ed., 1971), and
The Jews in the United States, a Pictorial History
(1958). For many years he has also served as editor o f the magazine,
Jewish Currents,
which espouses the radical position in Jewish life.
E
m anuel
S
c h r e ib e r
.
50th anniversary o f death. Born in Leipnik, Moravia,
in 1852, died in Chicago in March 1932. He served as a liberal rabbi
in Germany and as a Reform rabbi in the United States in various
communities. His major work was
Reformed Judaism and Its Pioneers
(1892), which was one of the first histories o f that movement in
English.
E
l ie z e r
L
ipman
S
i l b e r m a n n
.
100th anniversary o f death. Born in
Koenigsberg, Germany, in 1819, died in Lyck, Germany, March 15,
1882. Rabbi in Lyck, he founded the first Hebrew weekly,
Ha-
Maggid,
in 1856. In addition to writing many articles in this journal,
he also brought about the establishment o f the Mekize Nirdamim
Society in 1864. This organization which was devoted to publishing
forgotten Hebrew texts from bygone days attracted to its board o f
directors the major Jewish scholars o f the time. In spite o f the
vicissitudes of Jewish life over the past century, it is still in existence
in Israel and occasionally publishes an important work.
B
en jam in
N
ahum
S
ilk in e r
.
100th anniversary o f birth. Born in Vilkija,