Page 181 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 39

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WIENER / JEWISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
175
Lithuania, December 1, 1882, died in New York in 1933. A Hebrew
educator in New York who arrived in this country in 1904, he was
the first to write Hebrew poetry on American themes, describing the
struggles o f the Indians. He also translated Shakespeare’s
Macbeth
into Hebrew, wrote Hebrew text-books and was the co-author o f an
English-Hebrew dictionary.
D
avid
J
acob
S
imonsen
.
50th anniversary o f death. Born in Copenhagen,
Denmark, in 1853, died there June 15, 1932. Trained for the rabbi­
nate in Germany, he eventually became chief rabbi o f Denmark. He
contributed many articles to the
Jewish Encyclopedia
and Jewish
scholarly periodicals. Popular studies on Judaism in Danish were
also among his important contributions. He also assembled a library
o f 40,000 books, which eventually became part o f the Royal Library
o f Denmark.
M
ord eca i
S
o l t e s
.
25th anniversary o f death. Born in Dzywinicze,
Austria-Hungary, in 1893, died in New York, June 28, 1957. A
Jewish educator and Center executive in New York, he was also an
administrator o f Yeshiva University. In addition to various popular
texts for Jewish education he wrote
The Yiddish Press, an Americaniz­
ing Agency
(1925, reprinted several times since). He served as chair­
man of the Jewish Book Council (1943-44) and thereafter as honor­
ary president until his death.
Joseph
H
ayy im
Sonnenfeld.
50th
anniversary of death. Born in Verbo,
Slovakia, in
1849,
died in Jerusalem, March
27, 1932.
In Jerusalem
since
1873
after having studied in the Pressburg Yeshiva, he soon
became the leader of the ultra-Orthodox section of the community
and maintained an uncompromising position of non-cooperation
with all non-Orthodox groups. His major work is a collection of
responsa.
L
eopold
S
t e in
.
100th anniversary o f death. Born in Burgprepach, Ger­
many, in 1810, died in Frankfurt am Main, December 2, 1882. A
prominent Reform rabbi in Frankfurt, he prepared several liturgi­
cal works for use in Reform congregations. Some o f his hymns were
translated into English and included in the
Union Hymnal
o f Reform
Judaism in the United States.
I
saac
N.
S
t e in b er g
.
25th anniversary of death. Born in Dvinsk, Latvia, in
1888, died in New York, January 2, 1957. Trained in the law in
Russia and Germany, he wrote his thesis on penal law in the Talmud.
A leader in the Social Revolutionary Party in Russia, he briefly
served in Lenin’s government as minister o f justice after the Bol­
shevik revolution. Later he escaped to Germany and then moved on
to London, and finally to New York. He wrote on law and socialism
in Russian, Yiddish, German, and English. A committed Orthodox
Jew, he tried to develop a philosophy of socialism based on Jewish