Page 183 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 39

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WIENER / JEWISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
177
1913, he became the leader of a group o f Yiddish poets. Asa teacher
in Yiddish schools he composed songs for children, which proved
quite popular. During World War I he volunteered for the Jewish
Legion to fight in Palestine, yet during the Depression o f the 1930’s
he joined the radical Left. In English there appeared
At the Rich
Man's Gate
(1935).
M
a x
W
ien er
.
100th anniversary o f birth. Born in Oppeln, Germany,
April 22, 1882, died in New York in 1950. A liberal rabbi in Ger­
many for over thirty years, finally serving in Berlin, he also taught
Jewish philosophy and theology at the liberal rabbinical seminary
there. His major work in German was a detailed analysis o f the early
Reform movement in Germany, first published in 1933, translated
into Hebrew in 1974. In the United States from 1939, he taught at
the Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati and later was active in the
educational work o f a German Jewish congregation in New York.
Posthumously there appeared
Abraham Geiger and Liberal Judaism
(1962, reprint 1981), an anthology of the writings o f this important
pioneer of Reform Judaism in Germany in English translation, with
an extensive biographical introduction by Wiener.
M
orris
W
inchevsky
. 50th anniversary o f death . Born in Yanovo,
Lithuania, in 1856, died in New York, March 18, 1932. A socialist
who early wrote in Hebrew, he was expelled from Germany and
eventually settled in New York in 1894. Here he helped establish the
Jewish Daily Forward,
and also edited the
Zukunft,
the Yiddish
monthly. He wrote poems and stories in the spirit of Socialism,
trying to arouse the Jewish workers to join the revolutionary move­
ment. After World War I he was friendly to the Soviet Union and
some of his works were published there. In English there appeared a
collection of his stories and sketches,
Stories of the Struggle
(1908).