Page 130 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 40

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JEWISH BOOK ANNUA
only rejected this fragmentary approach but proved conclusivel
that Kabak was the first of the modern writers to understan
Zionism as the latest, perhaps last, manifestation of messianism i
Jewish history. The two were inextricably bound together.7 Th
Molho blend of Zionism and messianism certainly was not th
political secular kind with which we are familiar since Herzl
time.
KABAK’S ESSENCE
While a detailed discussion of such aspects of Kabak’s wor
would take us far afield, we must consider one idea treate
extensively by Kabak. It is central to an appreciation of hi
thought which, thanks to the barrier of language, may be littl
understood by non-Hebrew readers. Contemporary secular
oriented Hebrew readers may also have some difficulty under
standing this idea and its function both in Judaism and in Kabak
It is not a matter of complexity. Rather, it is one of distance,
time-space remove.
According to Kabak, one of the central ideas which sustaine
Shelomo Molho was the idea of
kiddush ha-Shem.
The term i
generally translated: Sanctification of the Name. What does thi
mean? Who sanctifies whom? The term implies glorification o
God. Its origin is biblical: “You shall faithfully observe My com
mandments . . . that I may be sanctified in the midst of th
Children of Israel; I the Lord who sanctify you . .
(Lev
22 :31 ,32 ). Sanctification is therefore reciprocal: the Children o
Israel sanctify God by observing His commandments and He i
turn sanctifies them.
According to Ezekiel (chs. 20, 36, 39), the Name is sanctifie
when God wondrously redeems Israel and the gentiles behold th
vindication of the divine promise and are moved to worship Him
The idea has been expanded: Expressions and actions by th
Children of Israel are witnessed by others who are in turn im
pressed and moved to worship the One God. Such can be th
power of Sanctification of the Name.
In the Rabbinic tradition, there was greater emphasis upon th
national-redemptive significance of the concept. Rabbis wer
primarily concerned with man’s active role in bestowing glor
7 Simon Halkin, “A.A. Kabak,”
Derakhim ve-Zidde Derakhim be-Sifruth
(Jerusalem
Akademon, 1969), II, p. 167.