Page 175 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 40

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WIENER /JEWISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
169
Faith and Reason
(1961 ), a discussion of modern Jewish thought, and
The Philosophy ofSolomon Maimon
(1 9 6 7 ) , the 18th century Jewish and
general philosopher, a notable disciple of Kant, who recognized the
criticism of his pupil.
A
braham
B
er l in er
.
150th anniversary of birth. Born in Obersitzko, Po­
sen, Germany, May 2, 1833, died in Berlin in 1915. For many years
he taught at the Orthodox Rabbinical Seminary in Berlin. A major
work of his was a critical edition of Rashi’s commentary on the
Pentateuch, also of the Targum Onkelos. In addition he wrote a
number of studies on the life of the German Jews in the Middle Ages
and several works opposing Reform Judaism, particularly the intro­
duction of the organ into the synagogue. He likewise edited a schol­
arly Jewish jou rn a l and published researches on the Jewish
prayerbook.
I
saiah
B
ershadsky
.
75th anniversary of death. Born in Zimoshti, Russia,
in 1871, died in Warsaw, March 11, 1908. A writer of Hebrew stories
and novels, he is credited with expanding the horizon of Hebrew
fiction by attempting to delineate Jewish life realistically — the
problem of the middle-class Jew who could neither find his place in
the general society nor in a resurrected Zionist environment. This
particular stock character was imitated by many other Hebrew writ­
ers who followed him.
I
saac
B
r eu er
.
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Papa, Hungary, Sep­
tember 18, 1883, died in Jerusalem in 1946. Scion of a prominent
Orthodox rabbinic family, his grandfather being Samson Raphael
Hirsch, he followed throughout his life the views of modern O r­
thodoxy, while practicing law in Frankfurt on the Main in Germany,
and after the rise of Hitler, in Jerusalem. His numerous writings in
German and Hebrew' were devoted to expounding his beliefs not
only in essays, but also in novels. While originally rejecting Zionism,
he later changed his views under the impact of events. In English
translation there were published
Concepts ofJudaism
(1974), a collec­
tion of his articles, and
The Problem of the Jew
(1947), discussing his
attitude toward Zionism.
A
ugust
B
ondi
150th anniversary of birth. Born in Vienna, Austria, July
21, 1833, died in St. Louis in 1907. As a 15-year-old boy he fought
during the Revolution of 1848 in Austria, then settled with his family
in the Mid-West. A restless spirit, he channeled his belief in freedom
into his association with John Brown in Kansas and later as a soldier
in the Union Army during the Civil War. Thereafter he settled dow n
in Salinas, Kansas. Posthumously
The Autobiography of August Bondi
was published in 1910. A new biography by Martin Litvin, entitled
TheJourney,
appeared last year. It includes Bondi’s Civil War diary.