Page 182 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 40

Basic HTML Version

Russian, but thereafter wrote in Yiddish, offering trenchant criti­
cism of the lively Yiddish literature then becoming popular. He
continued this activity in this country upon his arrival after World
War I and ultimately became the most respected critic in Yiddish
letters. He was one of the early editors of th
e Biographical Dictionary of
Modern Yiddish Literature
(Vol. 1, 1956), an encyclopedia in Yiddish,
which only recently was completed.
adosh isky
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Radoshitz, Po­
land, April 24, 1883, died in New York in 1957. He had published
poetry in his native country already under the impression of the first
World War. After coming to this country, he continued to publish
Yiddish poetry, including a book devoted to his home town.
e isch er
250th anniversary of death. Born in Prague about 1670,
died in Metz, France, January 24, 1733. Recognized as one o f the
principal Halakhah authorities o f his generation, he served in major
Jewish communities in Germany and finally in Metz. He did not,
however, escape controversy, as many of his views were challenged,
and he complained bitterly in his writings about the persecutions by
his enemies. He wrote a number of important works on rabbinic law.
: E
a lk in son
100th anniversary of death. Born near Shklov,
Russia, in 1820, died in Vienna, June 5, 1883. A convert to Chris­
tianity, he eventually became a Presbyterian pastor in Vienna. He is
highly esteemed as a translator. His Hebrew rendition of the New
Testament, published posthumously, passed through several edi­
tions. Another translation of his wras that of Milton’s
Paradise Lost
likewise brought out Hebrew editions of several of Shakespeare’s
plays. In spite of his conversion, he always considered himself a Jew'.
am pt er
100th anniversary of birth. Born in New York March 22,
1883, died in Beilinson Hospital in Palestine in 1938. Very early she
became interested in Zionism, settling in Palestine in 1919. The
poetic volumes,
The Emek
(1927) and
B rand Plucked from the Fire
(1937) testify to her commitment. She also edited various an­
thologies on Zionism and the progress of the Jewish settlement in
Palestine at the request of Hadassah, the Women’s Zionist Organiza­
tion of America. Some of her work was translated into Hebrew.
ch r e ib er
o f e r
100th anniversary of death. Born in Bratislava,
Czechoslovakia, in 1821, died in Cracow, Poland, March 26, 1883.
The son of the famous Hatam Sofer, he followed in his footsteps
defending Orthodoxy and fighting the Haskalah. As leader of Gali­
cian Orthodoxy, he was elected to the Austrian Parliament. He
published a collection of sermons and rabbinic essays.
h m u e l i
75th birthday. Born in Lodz, Poland, November 28,
1908. In Palestine since 1933, he has taught both in Israel and in the
United States on an academic level. His writings, all in Hebrew, are