Page 170 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 41

Basic HTML Version

164
JEW ISH BOOK ANNUAL
ways to correc t these erro rs . He asserted tha t the tex t o f the
Jerusa lem T a lm ud was established not only by com paring m anu ­
script readings bu t by plumbing the dep ths o f the en tire rabbinic
literature.
In Jerusa lem , Lieberman began his studies at the Hebrew Uni­
versity. His main professors were Jacob Nahum Epstein, the
renowned philologian and rabbinic scholar, and Moshe Schwab,
the grea t classical scholar. He continued his studies o f the
Jerusa lem Talmud , publishing two impo rtan t works:
Talmudah
shel Keisaryah,
in which he analyzes the o rd e r
Nezikin
o f the
Yerushalmi
and proves tha t it was edited in Caesarea, and
Ha-Yerushalmi ki-Feshuto,
a commentary on the tractates Shabbat,
Eruvin and Pesahim. In the la tter work especially Lieberman
exhibits the amazing erud ition and philological skill which was to
be his tradem ark in his later works. Unfortunately , his commen­
tary to the
Yerushalmi
was never completed — though scores o f
difficult passages are illuminated and explained.
During his Jerusa lem years, he married Ju d ith Berlin who was
the daugh ter o f the faomus Mizrachi leader, Rabbi Meir Berlin.
He also became the direc tor o f the Machon H arry Fischel which
was set up to train students o f traditional yeshivot in the scientific
method. U nde r his direction these students published various
editions o f talmudic works. He also became very close to the late
Chief Rabbi, Rabbi Abraham Kuk.
SPADEWORK ON TOSEFTA
T he study o f the Jerusalem T a lm ud led L ieberman to fu r th e r
research on the Palestinian literature , especially the
Tosefta.
In the
years 1937-39, Lieberman published a major work
Tosefet
Rishonim
(four volumes). In this study he ga thered toge ther quo­
tations from the books o f the
Rishonim
(both published and
unpublished) wherein they quote the
Tosefta.
From these quo ta­
tions it is possible to know the text o f the
Tosefta
tha t these early
authorities possessed, and also to cull the ir und e rs tand ing of, and
commentary on the text. This work, which displays amazing
erud ition , served as an indispensible p repa ra tion fo r the later
epoch-making commentary on the
Tosefta.
Lieberman also p re ­
pared a new introduc tion o f abou t one h u n d red pages to
Zuckermandel’s edition o f the text o f the
Tosefta
in which he tho r ­
oughly examines the use o f the work by the early authorities.