Page 195 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 41

Basic HTML Version

WIENER/JEW ISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
1 8 9
ditional and a modern Jewish education in Europe, he settled in
Palestine in the 1920’s and became a prominent educator and histo­
rian. After the establishment of the State of Israel he served for a
number of years as minister of education and culture. He wrote
numerous works on the history of Zionism and comprehensive
works on Jewish history. In English there appeared
Israel and the
Diaspora
(1969).
E
l h a n a n
b en
I
s a a c
,
o f
D
a m p i e r r e
.
800th anniversary of death. One of
the French Tosaphists, who was martyred in 1184, he was a descend­
ant of Rashi. The only extant work of his is part of a commentary on
the tractate
Avodah Zarah.
H
ym an
G . E
n e l o w
.
50th anniversary of death. Born in Kovno,
Lithuania, in 1877, died at sea February 6, 1934. An American
Reform rabbi, who served in Louisville, Kentucky, before becoming
rabbi at Temple Emanu-El in NewYork, he published several collec­
tions of sermons, also A
Jewish View ofJesus
(1920, 1931). A major
scholarly contribution was the critical edition of the
Menorat ha-Maor
by Israel al-Nakawa, a 14th-century moralist. His other
Selected Writ­
ings
were published posthumously in four massive volumes in 1935.
L
ion
F
e u c h t w a n g e r
.
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Munich,
Germany, July 7, 1884, died in Pacific Palisades, California, in 1958.
One of the most successful German Jewish writers, he concentrated
on historical novels, some of which had Jewish themes, such as
Josephus, Jephtha’s Daughter,
and
Power,
a novel about Jud Suess
Oppenheimer, the 18th-century court Jew in Wurtenberg, who
aroused the enmity of the populace and was eventually executed,
and whose life inspired many anti-Semitic writings. A work dealing
with the Nazi period was
The Oppermanns,
about a Jewish family
uprooted from Germany. He also published some of his personal
reminiscences
(Insulted and Exiled).
D
a v id
F
r ie d l a e n d e r
.
150th anniversary ofdeath. Born in Koenigsberg,
Germany, in 1750, died in Berlin December 25, 1834. A well-to-do
businessman, he was a disciple of Moses Mendelssohn, who fought
for the emancipation of the Jews in Prussia and wrote several books
on behalf of this cause. He also believed that the emancipation
demanded a certain degree of assimilation on the part of the Jews.
To this end he helped establish a modernJewish school in Berlin, for
which he wrote some textbooks, and which continued to exist into
the Nazi period. He participated in Mendelssohn’sBible translation,
contributing that of the Book of Ecclesiastes. He also prepared a
German translation of the Ethics of the Fathers. His efforts on
behalf of emancipation were crowned with partial success when he
was elected a councillor of the city of Berlin during the first estab­
lishment of municipal self-government in Prussia in 1809.