Page 197 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 41

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WIENER/ JEW ISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
191
Hebrew Literature
(1921), a two-volume anthology of original texts
with English translation, which opened up to the lay reader new
areas ofJewish thought. He likewise published various rare Hebrew
medieval texts, particularly some dealing with Hebrew poetry.
ISAAC H
e r zo g
.
25th anniversary of death. Born in Lomza, Poland, in
1888, died in Jerusalem, July 25, 1959. Coming with his family to
England as a child, he became a rabbi, serving in various English and
Irish communities, finally as chief rabbi of the Irish Free State. From
1936 until his death, he was chief rabbi of Palestine and then Israel.
In addition to a collection of responsa, he wrote
The Main Institutions
ofJewish Law
(1936-39, 1966-67).
R
e u b e n
I
c e l a n d
.
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Galicia April 29,
1884, died in Miami Beach, Florida, in 1955. In the United States
since the turn of the century, he wrote for the Yiddish press and was
one of the leaders of “Di Yunge,” a Yiddish literary movement,
advocating less message-oriented poetry, and a more contemplative
attitude. He also translated the poetry of Heine, Rudolf Dehmel,
and other German poets.
N
a p h t a l i
Herz Imber. 75th anniversary of death. Born in Zloczow,
Galicia, in 1856, died in New York, October 8, 1909. A Hebrew poet
with a restless spirit, he is best known for the authorship
oiHatikvah,
which became theJewish national anthem in his lifetime and eventu­
ally that of the state of Israel. In addition to several collections of
Hebrew poetry he also wrote in English
Treasures of Two Worlds
(1910), a collection of Jewish legends and stories, and contributed
widely to the English-Jewish press.
J
o s e ph
H
a y im
b en
E
l i ja h
,
o f
B
ag h d ad
.
75th anniversary of death.
Born in Baghdad between 1833 and 1835, died there October 1,
1909. For many years a popular preacher in his native community,
he published his sermons and commentaries, which were infused
with Cabalistic ideas. Throughout his lifetime he was highly revered
in the Sephardi communities, and hisworks are still studied by them.
In recent years many of his works still in manuscript have been
published, and others reprinted.
A
l fr ed
J
o s p e
.
75th birthday. Born in Berlin, Germany, March 31, 1909.
A
liberal rabbi in Germany until the Holocaust, he has been associa­
ted with the B’nai B’rith Hillel Foundations ever since coming to this
country, for many years as national program director and finally as
international director. For the use of Hillel directors and students,
he edited the Hillel Little Book series. He also prepared several
anthologies of modern Jewish thought, such as
Tradition and Contem­
porary Experience
(1970) and
Studies inJewish Thought
(1981), the lat­
ter consisting of selections of writings from German Jewish thinkers
during the past century. He also translated and edited
Jerusalem
by
Moses Mendelssohn, the latter’s major work in the field ofJudaism.