Page 198 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 41

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u s t a v
a r p e l e s
75th anniversary of death. Born in Einwanowitz
Moravia, in 1848, died in Bad Nauheim, Germany, December 18
1909. An historian of both German and Jewish literature, who pre
pared several editions of Heinrich Heine’s works, he edited als
German and Jewish magazines. In addition he founded societies fo
adult Jewish education which spread throughout Germany. For th
laymen he wrote a history of Jewish literature and other popula
works ofJewish interest. In English translation there appeared
ish Literature and Other Essays
(1895, 1971),
A Sketch ofJewish Histor
(1897), and
Jews and Judaism in the Nineteenth Century
im c h e
75th birthday. Born St. Gall, Switzerland, June 17, 1909.
British journalist and war correspondent, he has written severa
important works dealing with great insight with the emergence o
Israel and the surrounding Near East.
The Secret Roads
(1954, 1976
describes the immigration of the Jews to Palestine before the estab
lishment of the state of Israel.
Both Sides of the Hill
discusses the Isra
eli War of Independence.
The Unromantics
(1968) is a searching anal
ysis of the policies that led up to the issuance of the Balfour Declara
b r a h am
r i
o v n e r
75th anniversary of death. Born in Vilna i
1842, died in Lomza, Poland, April 21, 1909. One of the first critic
of modern Hebrew literature, he bitterly attacked the style and sub
ject matter dealt with in the literature of that day. He pleaded tha
instead of writing inconsequential poetry authors should turn to th
novel, which then became popular in all European countries. I
later years he converted to Christianity and wrote only in Russia
and had an extensive correspondence with Dostoyevsky and Tolsto
on the Jewish problem.
u s sm a n
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Latvia January 13
1884, died in NewYork in 1974. In the United States since 1913, h
was active as a Hebrew teacher and later wrote for the Yiddish press
His poems and dramas were criticized for their sentimentality an
for the attempt to have his characters serve as vehicles for his politi
cal message. Quite a fewof his writings were translated into Hebrew
He himself had translated works by Heine, Lafontaine, and Krylo
into Yiddish.
a spa r
e v ia s
50th anniversary of death. Born in Zagare, Lithuania, i
1860, died in New York, February 18, 1934. After studies at Colum
bia and Johns Hopkins Universities, he taught Semitic languages a
the Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati and later was active inothe
areas of Jewish education. Among his works were
A Grammar of th
Aramaic Idiom Contained in the Babylonian Talmud
(1896, 1971),
Grammar of Babylonian Aramaic
(1930), and
A Dictionary of Hebre
Philological Terms