Page 160 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 42

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rate picture o f archival collections relevant to the Holocaust
which are available in Israel. Volume VI (Jerusalem, 1981) deals
with the “Moreshet” collection. Previous volumes surveyed Yad
Vashem materials. At present, work is being done on the Central
Zionist Archive in Jerusalem.
A History o f the Holocaust
by Yehuda Bauer, with the assistance
o f Nili Keren (New York/London/Toronto/Sydney, 1982), is a
general reader intended for a broad readership. It traces the
roots o f anti-Semitism and provides a substantive description o f
how and why the most heinous crime against humanity came to
pass. The fourteen parts o f the book include chapters on German
Jewry in 1933, Poland (“The Siege Begins”), life in the ghettos,
and the “final solution,” resistance and rescue. It concludes by
highlighting the role played by the survivors in the development
of Israel.
Yehuda Bauer’s scholarly
American Jewry and the Holocaust: The
American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee 1939 -1945
1981) describes the efforts made by this organization to aid Euro­
pean victims o f World War II. The book takes up such moral and
historical questions, raised by the record of JDC activity, as: How
great was the danger? Who should be saved first? What country
would accept Jewish refugees? When is the use of illegal o r extra-
legal means justified?
The volume
The Holocaust as Historical Experience,
edited by
Yehuda Bauer and Nathan Rotenstreich (New York/London,
1981) brings together contributions by some of the most eminent
scholars in the field. Drawing upon personal and archival
materials, they grapple with a number of issues crucial for a
p roper historical understanding o f the event. Among others,
topics addressed include: the set o f factors that made mass geno­
cide possible; the role o f the Churches as seen by Nazi strategists;
and the comparative immunity that was apparently given to Jews
in certain Nazi-dominated countries. In addition, some o f the
contributors to this volume ask whether the Holocaust could have
been predicted — and therefore prevented — and how can schol­
ars properly gauge Jewish resistance and Jewish leadership?
Two books by Yehuda Bauer that have recently been pub­
lished in Hebrew are:
Teguvot Be’et Ha-Shoah: Nisyonot Amidah,
Hitnagdut, Hazalah
(Responses During the Holocaust: Attempts
at Opposition, Resistance, and Rescue: Tel-Aviv, 1983) — a work
based on a lecture series broadcast on the “University o f the Air”