Page 161 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 42

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(over the Israel Army radio network); and
(The Holocaust in Historical Perspective: Tel Aviv,
1982). This is the Hebrew edition o f a book originally published
in English (Seattle, 1978).
The story o f the largest Jewish ghetto in wartime Europe,
whose population reached 450,000 before its liquidation, is re­
lated in Yisrael Gutman’s
The Jews o f Warsaw, 1939-1945 . Ghetto
Underground, Revolt
(Bloomington, 1982). The book describes the
stages in the development o f the Jewish underground and the
Jewish Fighting Organization, leading up to the revolt o f April
1943, which became a general uprising o f the remnants o f the
ghetto. The revolt in the Warsaw Ghetto served as a symbol and
an example to fighters in other ghettos and to the resistance
movement in Poland as a whole.
Chaim Shatzker and Yisrael Gutman co-authored a Hebrew
textbook for the senior grades o f high school and for use in
teachers’ colleges, entitled
Ha-Shoah u-Mashma’utah
(The Holo­
caust and Its Meaning: Jerusa lem , 1982). T he book went
through five editions in six months and serves as the basis for the
teaching of the Holocaust in required courses. It opens with the
year 1918 and lays a good deal o f stress on the historical continu­
ity in the deterioration o f the Jews’ position in inter-war Europe.
The book describes the events o f the Holocaust in the various
countries o f Europe, and details the stages in the unfolding o f the
Nazis’ “final solution.” The final chapter deals with the struggle
of the survivors in the Displaced Persons camps to achieve reha­
bilitation and start a new life, an account which the authors take
up till 1948. This book is both a teachers’ resource and a text­
book. T h e app ro a ch is ch rono log ica l, while emphasizing
throughout the crucial issues of the Holocaust period.
Poles and Jews: Polish-Jewish Relations During the Second World
by Yisrael Gutman and Shmuel Krakowsky (New York, in
print) is a comprehensive study of this vexed problem. The sub­
ject is typically prey to sharply opposed, polemical treatments. In
this book, the authors base their careful findings on both Polish
and Jewish primary source material. The analysis o f the docu­
ments reveals the nature o f the many encounters between Jews
and Poles, in a variety o f places, during the period in question.