Page 163 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 42

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Eretz Israel are the subjects of a number o f studies produced at
the Institute.
Following the Bolshevik Revolution, Poland became the most
important center o f Zionist activity in the Diaspora, as well as the
largest reservoir of potential immigrants to the Land of Israel.
Ezra M ende lsohn ’s
Zionism in Poland: The Formative Years,
1915 -1926
(New Haven/London, 1981) is the first of a planned
two-volume study o f Polish Zionism. The second volume will deal
with the period from 1926-1939. The year 1915 ushered in a new
era for Polish Jewry: German occupation during World War I
made possible the legal organization of mass political parties, and
the Zionists took full advantage o f this opportunity. Nineteen
hundred and twenty-six was the year of Josef Pilsudski’s coup
d ’etat, the beginning of a new era in inter-war Polish history. It
was also a decisive year for Polish Zionism, witnessing the collapse
of the Fourth Aliyah — a wave of emigration of middle class Jews
to Palestine — and the temporary drastic decline of the fortunes
of the Zionist movement. The period discussed in this volume
therefore represents an important first chapter in the history of
Zionism in Poland.
G ideon Shimoni, in
Jews and Zionism: The South African
Experience, 1910 -1967
(Cape Town, 1980), explores the relation­
ship between the majority (white) society and the Jewish commu­
nity. Within that setting, it deals with the prominence of Zionism,
both as a network o f communal institutions and as a normative
mode of Jewish identification.
Am e r ica ’s Jerusa lem Po licy , 1 9 4 7 - 1 9 4 8
by th is rev iew e r
(Jerusalem, 1982) tries to clarify the hesitations and reversals re ­
garding the political fu ture of Jerusalem that characterized
American policy in a crucial period.
Zionism in Transition,
edited by Moshe Davis (New York, 1980),
discusses the state o f Zionism at the beginning o f the eighties.
The volume represents the results of the International Seminar
on Contemporary Jewry, which met at the Home of the President
of the State of Israel, and in which leaders and academics from
the highest levels of Jewish life in Israel and the Diaspora took
part. It discusses the ideological perspectives of Zionism, the
achievements and problems o f Diaspora Zionism, and Zionism in
Israel. The closing section of the book, “Reformulations,” is de­
voted to contributions by representative personalities from both
Israel and the main Diaspora centers, spelling out their concep­