Page 167 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 42

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KAUFMAN / PUBLICATIONS ON CONTEMPORARY JEWRY
1 5 9
American and nine Israeli repositories, as well as in the Public
Record Office in London.
Ambiguous Partnersh ip: Non -Z ion ists in American Jewry,
1939-1948,
by this reviewer (Hebrew: Jerusalem, 1984), deals
with the positions and inter-relations o f non-Zionist Jewish or­
ganizations in the United States — the American Jewish
Committee, the Jewish Labor Committee, B’nai B’rith, the rab­
binical and lay organizations o f the Reform movement, and oth­
ers — regarding Zionism and Eretz Yisrael before the establish­
ment o f the state. The non-Zionist position accommodated both a
rejection o f Zionist ideology and support for the settlement activ­
ities o f the Yishuv in Palestine. During the years discussed, the
non-Zionists wavered between an acceptance and a continued re­
jection o f Zionism. When the signs for the possible emergence o f
a sovereign Jewish state seemed favorable, they tended toward
the anti-Zionist extreme, while they were more inclined to go
along with practical Zionist projects when statehood appeared
less feasible. In 1948 this wavering came to an end, with practi­
cally all o f these organizations taking a pro-Israel position.
OR IENTAL COMMUN IT IES
Two studies in the field o f Middle Eastern and North African
Jewry have recently been published by Michel Abitbol.
Les Juifs
d’Afrique du Nord sous Vichy
(Paris, 1983), examines events from
1940 to 1943 under the Vichy regime and German occupation in
Tunisia, describing the racial laws introduced; the conditions un­
der which the Jewish communities lived in the various countries;
as well as the forced labor camps set up by both the French and
the Germans. In his second, most recent book,
Kehillot Yisrael Bi-
Derom Ha-Magreb
(Jewish Communities o f the Southern
Maghreb: Jerusalem, 1981), Abitbol brings together close to
thirty essays written by scholars, both Jews and non-Jews, from
Israel, France, the United States and Canada. The essays deal
with the historical, economic and cultural development o f the
Jewish communities located at the edge o f the Sahara in the lands
o f the Maghreb, from antiquity until the present.
Under the heading o f research on Latin American Jewry we
can cite the recently published study by Haim Avni,
The History of
Jewish Immigration to Argentina 1810-1950
(Hebrew: Jerusalem,
1982; Spanish edition:
Argentinay la Historia de la ImigracionJudia