Page 168 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 42

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JEWISH BOOK ANNUAL
1810-1950,
Jerusalem/Buenos Aires, 1983). When the Inquisi­
tion was abolished by the nascent Argentine Republic in 1813,
the main bar to Jewish settlement in the La Plata region was re­
moved. With the enactment o f Israel’s Law o f Return in 1950,
Jewish emigration from Argentina to the new Jewish state be­
came a reality. During the 140 intervening years, radical changes
took place in the attitudes o f the people o f Argentina towards im­
migration in general and Jewish immigration in particular. The
book covers the main developments between these two compass
points o f Jewish migration history in Argen tina . Both
Argentinian policies and Jewish migratory behavior are
examined, and the characteristics o f this history that are specific
to Argentina are analyzed. The central questions dealt with con­
cern the extent to which Argentina offered opportunities for
Jewish immigration, and the degree to which Jews made use o f
them.
DEMOGRAPH IC RESEARCH
The publications o f the Division for Jewish Demography, put
out by the Institute, cover a variety o f topics. The most recent o f
these publications, to be mentioned here, reflect only a fraction
o f the numerous studies published by this department o f the In­
stitute.
In his study,
World Jewish Population
Regional Estimates and
Projections
(Jerusalem, 1981), U.O. Schmelz first reviews critic­
ally the available estimates for the main countries. After sug­
gesting a new set o f corrected totals for 1975, he shows the demo­
graphic effects to be expected from the continuation o f recent
trends until the year 2000. According to the author’s estimates,
the total population o f world Jewry may decline from 12,979,000
in 1979 to between 11,789,000 and 12,941,000 in the year 2000.
Papers in J ewish Demography, 1981
(Jerusalem, 1983), edited by
U. O. Schmelz, P. Glikson and S. DellaPergola, includes tran­
scripts o f thirty papers presented during the Eighth World Con­
gress o f Jewish Studies. It represents, in cross-section, the “state
o f the art” in Jewish demography. Among the subtopics covered,
we can enumerate historical demography, single-country
reports, marriage, fertility, urbanization and urban ecology, Jew­
ish education, identity, and community organization.
Studies in Jewish Demography. Survey fo r 1972-1980
(Jerusalem/