Page 177 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 42

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published in Hebrew in the past decade. Some appeared in
English, either in excerpted translation from the original
Hebrew, or in the form o f research on a given problem for prag­
matic ends. The following work is a typical illustration:
Law and
Theology in Judaism
(New York, Ktav, 1947; second series, 1976),
by David Novak. Both volumes contain collections o f studies,
carefully annotated with references to talmudic and halakhic
sources as well as philosophic writings, on problems in contempo­
rary Jewish life resulting from challenges o f “modernism,” e.g.
status o f women, abortion, euthanasia, rationale for kashruth.
The author’s discussions o f theology are o f special interest due to
the fact that he espouses the school o f thought going back to
Zacharias Frankel (1801-1875).
J. David Bleich attempts in
Contemporary Halakhic Problems
(New York, Ktav, 1977 — one o f the titles in the publisher’s
series, “Library o f Jewish Law and Ethics”) to apply criteria o f
Jewish law to social, political and technological problems o f the
day. The author’s philosophic position in this work is strictly
Orthodox, rarely allowing for leniency or modification o f
Halakhah. This conformist stand is reflected in the author’s
other works as well.
In the field o f medicine and biochemistry, the Hebrew
responsa o f Y. E. Waldenberg, author o f the multi-volumed
“Tzitz Eliezer,” are o f unique interest. David B. Simens edited
and Abraham Steinberg translated into English the respective
materials in
Jewish Medical Law, compiled and editedfrom the
(Jerusalem, Gefen, 1980). Note should be taken o f
tical Medical Halacha
(\^JewYork, Feldheim, 1980) by Fred Rosner
and Moses D. Tendler. Moshe Halevi Spero’s
Judaism and Psychol­
ogy: Halakhic Perspectives
(New York, Ktav, 1980), the only work
so far that focuses attention on aspects o f psychology, is another
title in the publisher’s series, “Library o f Jewish Law and Ethics.”
Alex J. Goldman follows an eclectic methodology in
Confronts Contemporary Issues
(New York, Shengold, 1978), in
which he discusses thirteen themes in alphabetical order — from
“Abortion” to “Suicide.” Opinions on the respective subjects are
cited systematically from the Bible, Talmud, medieval sources
and modern philosophy. This volume is more useful as an histor­