Page 221 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 42

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many years chief rabbi o f Vienna, he is remembered in Jewish his­
tory as an opponent o f Zionism, whom Herzl tried to convert in vain.
His scholarly contribution consisted in pioneering studies about the
Jewish educational system during the Middle Ages. In recent years
these works were translated from German into Hebrew.
s r a e l
a l p e r n
75th birthday. Born in Bialystok, Poland, January 10,
1910. In Palestine since 1934, he has taughtJewish history at the He­
brew University. His principal field o f study has been the history of
Polish Jewry, to which he has devoted several volumes o f researches
as well as o f source materials.
a r k a v y
150th anniversary o f birth. Born in Novogrodok,
Russia, November 4, 1833, died in Leningrad, Russia, in 1919. For
many years he served as head o f the Oriental section of the Imperial
Library in St. Petersburg (now Leningrad).
H e
did extensive re­
search on the history o f theJews in Russia, the Khazars, and the Ka­
h a im
ir s c h e n s o h n
. 50th anniversary o f death. Born in Safed,
Palestine, in 1857, died in Hoboken, New Jersey, September 15,
1935. Com ing from a rabbinic family, he early supported Zionism.
He later settled in Hoboken, New Jersey, where he served as rabbi.
He wrote several works in the field o f rabbinics.
o c h h e i m e r
150th anniversary of death. Born in Hochheim,
Germany, around 1750, died in Ansbach, Germany, February 10,
1835. As rabbi in Ansbach he was active in some o f the rabbinic con­
troversies o f his time and is mentioned in contemporary responsa.
He also wrote a Hebrew grammar and published Hebrew poems in
the newly established Hebrew periodical press.
a v i d
g n a t o f f
100th anniversary o f birth. Born in Brusilov, Ukraine,
October 14, 1885, died in New York in 1954. In the United States
since 1906, he belonged to the Yiddish literary group,
D i Yunge,
whose members tried to steer Yiddish poetry away from its Socialist
ideological orientation and treat all human emotions, enlarging the
horizon o f literature. Yet, his feelings often made him return to his
earlier views, so that his work exhibits both deep sympathy for the
downtrodden as well as close ties to the hasidic tradition, from
whence he came. He edited various Yiddish periodicals, which fea­
tured translations of foreign writers.
a h a n
(Ya’akov Cahan). 25th anniversary o f death. Born in
Slutzk, Russia, in 1881, died in Tel Aviv, November 20, 1960. In
Europe he was active in promoting the Hebrew language, heading a
Hebrew cultural organization in Berlin before World War I. In the
period before his immigration to Palestine in 1934 he taught at the
Warsaw Institute for Jewish studies. Throughout this period he was
active as a Hebrew poet, dramatist, novelist, and translator particu­