Page 222 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 42

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larly from German literature. In his Zionist thinking he rejected the
Diaspora, a stance reflected in his literary work.
h a i m
o s h u a
25th anniversary o f death. Born in Jerusalem
in 1873, died there May 22, 1960. A rabbinic scholar, he earned the
gratitude o f all students o f rabbinic literature for his concordances
on the
Targum Onkelos,
and the Babylonian
Talmud. The latter work is still in progress, being carried on by his
son and nearing completion.
a v i d
a s s e l
50th anniversary o f death. Born in Minsk, Russia, in
1881, died in Warsaw, Poland, May 12, 1935. A popular Yiddish
writer, he was closely associated with the Socialist Bund. O f particu­
lar note is his autobiography, intended for children.
b r a h a m
s a a c
o o k
50th anniversary o f death. Born in Greiva,
Latvia,, in 1865, died in Jerusalem, September 1, 1935. He first set­
tled in Palestine before World War I, but during the war stayed in
England, where he served as a rabbi in an orthodox congregation.
In 1921 he became the chief rabbi o f Palestine, and continued in this
position until his death. A religious Zionist, he refused to affiliate
with any political party. Although opposed to the secular emphasis
o f the Zionist movement, he recognized in its achievements the steps
toward Messianic redemption. His writings dealt mainly with per­
sonal religion and repentance. In English translation there ap­
Philosophy o f Repentance
(1968, 1978) and
The Lights o f
Penitence, The Moral Principles, Lights o fHoliness (
1978), a collection o f
several o f his works.
a c h m a n
r o c h m a l
200th anniversary o f birth. Born in Brody,
Galicia, February 17, 1785, died in Tarnopol, Galicia, in 1840. His
major work,
Moreh Nevukhe Ha-Zeman
(Guide to the Perplexed o f
Our Time), was published posthumously. It is an attempt by a Jew
steeped in tradition to come to terms with the philosophies o f his
day and to absorb modern thought. While there had been others in
Germany who had reinterpreted Judaism according to the particu­
lar philosophy that appealed to them, Krochmal’s attempt in the
more traditional surroundings o f Eastern Europe was made far
more difficult. He is considered one o f the major figures o f modern
Jewish thought.
150th anniversary o f birth. Born in Minsk, Russia, July
14, 1835, died in St. Petersburg (now Leningrad), Russia, in 1888.
An important representative o f the Russian Haskalah, he sought to
raise the Russian Jewish community to the status o f Jewries he had
observed on his trips to West European countries. In articles, stories
and novels, all written in Russian, he advanced his views, but was
bitterly disappointed by the pogroms o f the 1880’s, which turned