Page 225 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 42

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WIENER /JEW ISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
2 1 7
22, 1910. An academic teacher in Israel and the United States, he
has written on Jewish and general folklore and religion. Several
books have also been devoted to modern Jewish and Mideast
history, such as
Israel between East and West
(1970). He prepared the
English edition of Theodor
WerzYs Diaries
(1960) and edited th e£n -
cyclopedia of Zionism and Israel
(1971).
Gates of the Old City
(1980) is a
collection of Jewish legends from rabbinic literature and Hasidism
in English translation.
The Jewish Mind
(1977) explores the back­
ground of Jewish thinking.
R
aphael
N
athan
R
abb inov icz
.
150th anniversary of birth. Born in
Kovno, Lithuania, in 1835, died in Kiev, Russia, in 1888. A rabbinic
scholar with a critical understanding of the sources, he is best re­
membered for his
Dikduke Sofrim,
textual notes on the Talmud based
on an uncensored manuscript located in Munich. Parts of this work
have been reprinted in recent years.
C
haim
R
a b in
.
70th birthday. Born in Giessen, Germany, November 22,
1915. Trained in Hebrew and Arabic, he has taught in England and
at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. He is the author of text­
books for Hebrew and Arabic students. Another interest has been
the Dead Sea Scrolls (
Qumran Studies,
1957, 1975, 1976). He also pre­
pared a translation of Maimonides’
Guide to the Perplexed
(1952) in an
abridged edition, and of the
Zadokite Documents
(1954 , 1958), which
bear some relation to the Dead Sea Scrolls.
S
au l
P
h in ehas
R
a b in ow it z
.
75th anniversary o f death. Born in
T au roggen , Lithuania, in 1845 , died in Frankfurt-am-Main,
Germany, December 6, 1910. A modern Hebrew writer, who
among other works wrote biographies of contemporary and earlier
Jewish personalities, he made his greatest impression on Russian
Jewry with his Hebrew adaptation of Graetz’s
History of theJews.
He
particularly expanded the treatment o f Jewish history of Eastern
Europe, which Graetz had neglected.
Z
eev
W
o l f
(W
ill iam
) S
ch u r
.
75th anniversary of death. Born in
Lithuania in 1844, died in Chicago, January 24 , 1910. An early
Zionist, he collaborated with Peretz Smolenskin on his journal,
Ha-
Shahar.
After traveling throughout Europe, he eventually settled in
the United States and tried to carry on Hebrew journalism under
great hardship. A Hebrew work of his,
Netzah, Yisrael
(1897), offer­
ing a defense o f Jewish tradition against Christianity and Reform
Judaism, and espousing the cause championed by Herzl, is consid­
ered the first Hebrew book that makes reference to the Zionist
movement under Herzl’s leadership.
I
srael
J
acob
S
chwartz
.
100 anniversary of birth. Born near Kovno,
Lithuania, September 25, 1885, died in New York in 1971. In the
United States since 1906, he first was a Hebrew teacher, but later