Page 32 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 42

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JEWISH BOOK ANNUAL
phy has stressed the Labor movem en t and has described its
parties, g roup ings and activities. O f the long list o f books in this
area, I shall m ention:
“Ahdut Ha-Avodah,” 1918-1930, The Ideolog­
ical Principle and the Political System
(Hebrew: Tel-Aviv, 1973), by
Yosef Gorni, and
Hashomer Hatzair: From Youth Community to Revo­
lutionary Marxism
(Hebrew : Tel-Aviv, 1971), by Elkana Margalit.
O th e r movements have still no t received th e ir share o f full o r
partial historical trea tm en t. T h e r e is no comprehensive accoun t
o f Revisionism, excep t fo r
History of the Revisionist Movement,
1925-1930
(vol. 1, Tel-Aviv, 1970), by Jo seph B. Schechtman and
Yehuda Benari. T h e Betar movement, on the o th e r h and , has r e ­
ceived full docum en ta ry trea tm en t in H. B en -Y eruham ’s
Book of
Betar: History and Sources
(3 vols., Hebrew : 1969; 1973; 1975). A
volume which b roadens the scope o f m ode rn Jew ish nationalism
to inc lude n o t only Zionism b u t also th e “B u n d ” is Moshe
Mishkinsky’s
The Emergence of theJewish Labor Movement in Russia
(Hebrew: Tel-Aviv, 1981).
Various o th e r studies have called fo r a revision in the in te rp re ­
tation o f Zionism so as to see it as rep resen ting no t a un ifo rm ap ­
p roach bu t a movem ent and ideology th a t supp lied varied an ­
swers in d iffe ren t circumstances. T h e r e is, then , no t one Zionism
bu t various Zionist ideologies. Whereas Vital called the Hebrew
version o f his book “T h e Zionist Revolution” (
Ha-Mahapekha Ha-
Tsionit
), o thers who have challenged the concep t o f Zionism as
revolution endeavo r to see it as an organic, con tinuous and al­
most unchang ing m anifestation o f Jew ish history. Zionism is
p resen ted no t as a movem ent which came to rebel against the
p re sen t and to realize a U top ian vision b u t as a tru e historic con ti­
nu ity .8Th is tren d has been in evidence d u r in g the past decade in
the discussions reg a rd in g the d iffe rences between the “New
Yishuv” and the “O ld Yishuv,” and between the m ode rn national
aliyah movem ent and the aliyah motivated in the past by a trad i­
tional religious o rien ta tion . Many o f these discussions have ap ­
p ea red in the quar te rly magazine,
Cathedra for the History of Eretz
Israel and its Yishuv,
which has been pub lished since 1976 by the
Yitzhak Ben-Zvi Memorial, Jerusa lem .
8 See, for example, Evyatar Friesel “Zionism — a Revolution?” (Hebrew),
Zemanim,
vol. 4, no. 13, Nov. 1983.