Page 34 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 42

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c h a n g e h a s led to a s h i f t in em p h a s e s a n d to r e n ew e
h is to r io g r a p h ic co n f lic t b e tw een th e a d h e r e n t s o f v a r iou
schools, and pe rhap s also to a new ou tlook occasioned by the a
sump tion o f power by the opposition p a r ty .10 As a resu lt o f th
political changes, various studies have been pub lished which see
to exam ine events from a wider historical perspective.
T h e research areas o f m ode rn Zionist h is to riog raphy may
divided as follows:
1. Regional histories o f Zionism and the Zionist movement.
These include accounts o f Zionist activity in specific coun tri
o r areas o f the world. O ften , they a re inco rpo ra ted in b ro a d
historical works dea ling with these places.
2. Histories o f parties, organizations and the like.
3. Ideological analyses o f the though t systems o f Zionist leade
and trends , as well as b iographies and m onog raphs devo ted
personalities (Herzl, Wolfsohn, Berl Katzenelson, B en-Gurio
Borochov and others.)
4. O r g a n i z a t io n a l a n d p o l i t ic a l h i s to ry o f th e Z io n i
movement, its institutions and subsidiaries.
5. T h e involvement and activities o f the Zionist m ovem en t
creating the “national hom e” in Eretz Israel.
As indicated, this la tter a rea offers some problem s since Zioni
history is o ften linked with the history o f the Yishuv. It is som
times difficult and even impossible to d iffe ren tia te between t
two. I f we view the creation o f a new Jew ish society as the p rim ar
Zionist unde r tak ing , then the en tire settlem en t e f fo r t can be r
ga rded as p a r t o f Zionist history. T hu s , the history o f m anda to r
Palestine becomes a cen tral ch ap te r o f Zionist history. A possib
line o f dem arca tion m igh t be drawn between the involvement
the Zionist movement and the Zionist O rgan ization as a Zioni
“gove rnm en t,” and the au tonom ous activity o f the Yishuv as
sepa ra te and in d ep en d en t entity (especially beg inn ing with t
thirties). Not only has the Palestine-centered tren d (and within
la rge r context: the Eretz Israe l-cen tered trend ) become the d o
inan t one in the Zionist h isto riog raphy o f the past decade , bu t
has also shaped the cha rac te r of the relations to Zionist (and Je
ish) history in the Diaspora. Zionist history in the D iaspora h
been viewed as the backg round and source o f various develo
10 See my interview on this subject with Yosef Gorni and Jo se f Nedava,
Jan. 6, 1978.