Page 38 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 42

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Yishuv and the Jewish fate in E u rope d u r in g the Holocaust, and
later between the “u p ro o ted ” and the prob lem o f Eretz Israel.
T h e deba te over the role o f the Holocaust in in fluenc ing the fate
o f Eretz Israel, and the a ttitude and response o f the Yishuv d u r ­
ing this per iod has no t aba ted in Zionist historiography .
In 1950 th e re began to ap p e a r the valuable series o f collective
v o lum e s
Shivat Zion,
e d i te d by B en -Z io n D in u r (4 vo ls.,
Je rusa lem , 1950-56). Two decades la ter the Ins titu te fo r Zionist
Research founded in memory o f Chaim Weizmann, u n d e r the
auspices o f the Tel-Aviv University, began to publish its series,
Zionism, Studies in the History of the Zionist Movement and of theJews
in Palestine,
o f which n ine volumes have appea red . In add ition ,
the Ins titu te has published over th irty volumes on various phases
o f Zionist research , and in 1980 it founded
Studies in Zionism: An
International Journal of Social, Political and Intellectual History,
which appears twice yearly. T h e Ben-Zvi Ins titu te , as well as
o th e r publishing houses, have sponso red many studies on the his­
tory o f the m ode rn Yishuv. Num erous memoirs and docum en ­
ta ry co llec tions have come from th e presses . I f we accep t
Nietzsche’s dictum tha t the p ro lifera tion o f critical historical w rit­
ing bears witness to a weakening o f the social fabric and to in ­
creased institutionalism , then this state o f affairs may be said to
apply to the Israeli scene. We have already po in ted ou t th a t side
by side with academ ic re sea rch and ex tensive docum en ta ry
works, both Zionist h istoriography o f a vulgar, p opu la r stamp
and o f a more serious ideological n a tu re con tinue to be p rodu ced
and to exe rt an influence.
Zionist h isto riog raphy o f the past two decades o ffers a p le tho ra
o f docum en ta ry works and analytical and summ ary studies which
are written from the perspectives o f various disciplines and view­
points. Some o f these works a re certain to become p a r t and parcel
o f o u r historic consciousness — while o thers a re des tined to r e ­
main the province only o f academicians and researchers.