Page 102 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 43

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any other concordance, for that matter). It often happens that a
verse is incorrectly remembered by a certain word, and can there­
fore not be found in a concordance; a list of synonyms may lead
the searcher to the correct word. In the locators, the names of all
books (except for four rather long ones) are given without any
abbreviations, and chapters and verses are numbered in Hebrew,
to conform with most Hebrew Bible editions. All citations are
fully vocalized (whereas in Mandelkern’s concordance only
headwords were so treated). In order to save space, words that
occur hundreds or even thousands of times have locators only,
with a representative sample of citations. Even-Shoshan says in
his introduction that it was his aim to produce a popular work of
reference in which words would be easy to find even without a
thorough knowledge of grammatical rules, yet without sacri­
ficing scholarly treatment, accuracy and completeness. He based
himself of course on Mandelkern’s work which, as he says, obvi­
ated the need for a computer, but used the latest edition of the
Hebrew text, known as the Koren edition,52 as well as the Kittel-
Kahle edition,53 for proper vocalization, and grammatical and et­
ymological explanations.
To round out the picture, two other contemporary concord­
ances must be mentioned. One, the
Thesaurus of the language of the
is the work of a large number of experts. It is aimed at
Bible scholars and philologists, and combines a concordance with
a Bible dictionary in Hebrew and English. Due to the vast scope
of this work, only three volumes have appeared since its incep­
tion in 1957, containing the letters
Despite its schol­
arly character, it is unfortunately not free of errors, especially in
the locators, and the citations are not vocalized. The first volume
has an English introduction, “Bible and concordance” by A.M.
Another recent work was produced by Gerhard Lisowsky for a
52 The Koren edition of the Bible is named after a Jerusalem publisher of Bibles
and religious literature who incorporated the most recent findings regarding
proper vocalization, and had an entirely new Hebrew typeface designed for
this edition, based on the calligraphic style used in the ancient Bible manu­
53 See note 26.
ybm rmbv
rpyrrnpup ,mpnn pu/7 "inN.
Thesaurus of the
language of the Bible.
Edited by Samuel E. Loewenstamm . . . Joshua Blau . . .
Jerusalem: The Bible Concordance Press, 1957-