Page 197 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 43

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WIENER/JEWISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
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chief rabbi there in 1844. Following in his father’s footsteps, he
served as a rabbi and for a while headed Jews’College, the seminary
for rabbis in Great Britain. On his father’s death he succeeded him.
A collection o f his sermons,
Anglo-Jewish memories
(1909), was pub­
lished toward the end o f his life. He also defended Judaism against
its detractors in numerous pamphlets.
J a c o b
B.
A g u s .
75th birthday. Born in Poland, November
8 ,
1911.
A
Conservative rabbi in Baltimore and professor at the Reconstruc­
tionist Rabbinical College in Philadelphia, he has published major
works in modern Jewish thought, such as
Modern philosophies o fJuda­
ism
(1941);
High priest of rebirth
(1946, 1972), a biography o f Chief
Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook o f Palestine;
Dialogue and tradition
(1971), dealing in depth with Judeo-Christian relations;
The evolu­
tion o fJewish thought
(1959, 1973);
The vision and the way
(1966), deal­
ing with Jewish ethics; and most recently,
The Jewish quest
(1983), a
series o f essays. During the controversy involving Arnold Toynbee’s
attitude toward Jews and Judaism, Agus served as a go-between be­
tween the historian and the Jewish community.
L e v i A r y e h A r i e l i .
100th anniversary o f birth. Born in Shishak, Russia,
October 9, 1886, died in New York in 1943. He lived in Palestine
from 1909-1923, before coming to the United States, where he en­
gaged in teaching. He wrote Hebrew stories and novels, many pub­
lished in literary periodicals in this country and in Palestine.
H i l l e l B a v l i .
25th anniversary o f death. Born in Pilvishki, Lithuania, in
1893, died in New York, July 7, 1961. In the United States since 1912,
he taught modern Hebrew literature at the Jewish Theological Semi­
nary o f America. A gifted Hebrew poet, he dealt with a wide range of
subjects, both personal and Jewish. He translated Shakespeare’s
Anthony and Cleopatra
and Charles Dickens’s
Oliver Twist
into Hebrew.
He also wrote
Some aspects of modem Hebrew poetry
(1958).
D a v i d B e n - G u r i o n .
100th anniversary o f birth. Born in Plonsk, Poland,
October 16, 1886, died in Sede Boker, Israel, in 1973. In Palestine
since the first decade o f this century, he was the leader o f the Zionist
labor movement and was a dominent figure in the Yishuv during
the period o f the Palestine Mandate. With the establishment o f Is­
rael he served as its prime minister from 1948-1953 and again from
1955-1963. Throughout his life he presented his views through the
written and the spoken word. Among the works that appeared in
English there may be mentioned
Memoirs
(1970);
Israel, a personal
history
(1971);
Letters to Paula
(1971);
Ben-Gurion looks at the Bible
(1972); andM)
talks with Arab leaders (
1973). In Hebrew he published
collections o f speeches covering the whole range o f problems associ­
ated with Zionism and Israel, including a diary covering the Israeli
War o f Independence.