Page 207 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 43

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WIENER/JEWISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
1 9 5
became professor o f Hebrew at the Hebrew University and headed
what later became the Academy o f the Hebrew Language. In addi­
tion to being a philologist he also was a prominent Bible scholar. He
translated the Bible into German. In Israel he edited the
Lachish let­
ters
(1938), an important archaeological find, and also published
The book o fJob, a new commentary
(1957, 1967).
Z e r a h W a r h a f t i g .
80th birthday. Born in Volkovysk, Russia, February
2, 1906. Trained in the law in Poland, he escaped to the United
States by way o f Japan at the outbreak o f the Second World War.
The attempts at rescue during this period he described in a recently
published memoir in Hebrew. In the United States he was active in
the work o f the World Jewish Congress. Some o f his works included
Re lief and rehabilitation
(1944), on the prospective needs for the Hol­
ocaust survivors, and
Uprooted; Jewish refugees and displaced persons
after liberation
(1946). After the establishment o f Israel he became a
leader o f Hapoel Hamizrachi there and served for a number o f
years as minister o f religions. He also published a commentary on
part o f the Talmud.
R e u b e n W e i s sm a n .
50th anniversary o f death. Born in Odem, Russia, in
1855, died in New York, February 24, 1936. He entered the Yiddish
theater as a prompter in Europe and continued this occupation
when he came to the United States in 1882, but also worked as an
actor and playwright, many o f his plays being performed on the Yid­
dish stage.
P e t e r W i e r n i c k .
50th anniversary o f death. Born in Wilna, Lithuania, in
1865, died in New York, February 12, 1936. In the United States
since 1885, he was a prominent Yiddish journalist and editor, con­
cerned with Americanizing the immigrants from Eastern Europe.
In English there appeared his
History of the Jews in America (1912 ,
1931 , 1972).
S . Y i z h a r ( S m i l a n s k y ) .
70th birthday. Born in Rehovot, Israel, on Sep­
tember 27, 1916. From a prominent early Zionist family, he changed
his name to be his own man. One o f the first native born Hebrew
writers, his stories and novels dealing with contemporary Israeli life
do not avoid controversy. Thus his novel about the War o f Inde­
pendence tells something o f the injustices done to the Arabs at that
time. While he does not take a position o f moral outrage, he simply
poses the tragic dilemmas that war forces on the contending parties.
In English translation there appeared
Convoy and other stories (
1969).
S h e l o m o Z em a c h .
100th anniversary o f birth. Born in Plonsk, Poland,
June 2, 1886, died in Israel in 1974. He first came to Palestine in
1904, but then went to France to study agriculture. World War I in­
tervened and he did not return until the 1920s, when he was active
in training agricultural workers. Throughout his adult life he wrote