Page 91 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 43

Basic HTML Version

WELLISCH / HEBREW BIBLE CONCORDANCES
79
tempts on the part of the Roman Catholic Church at compiling a
concordance to the Scriptures.
The work that resulted was a bilingual concordance, compiled
by the Franciscan friar Mario di Calasio (1550-1620) in Rome,
who is said to have worked on it for forty years, but did not live to
see it in print. The
Concordantiae sacrorum bibliorum Hebraicorum
34
was published in 1622 in four large folio volumes. It was essen­
tially based on
M e’ir nativ,
but Calasio corrected many errors, and
added to Nathan’s explanations of words extensive notes on cog­
nate usages in Aramaic, Syriac and Arabic. He also appended a
list of proper names, though for each of these he cited only a
single verse. The principal innovation was the citation of every
verse in Hebrew and Latin in two parallel columns, hence the
large size of the work. Calasio’s concordance became for a long
time the standard work for Catholic scholars, and went through
several editions, the last one published in London between 1747
and 1749 under the auspices of several European monarchs and
the Pope.
BUXTORF AND HIS FOLLOWERS
Exactly ten years after Calasio’s work the
Concordantiae
bibliorum Hebraicae
,35
compiled by the Swiss Protestant biblical
scholar and Hebraist Johannes Buxtorf the Elder (1564-1629),
was published. He also based his work on the
M e’ir nativ,
added
Latin comments to Nathan’s Hebrew notes on each word, and
corrected many errors. He arranged all headwords
systematically in a manner similar to Levita’s system (though cer­
tainly without knowledge about the latter’s work). In arranging
the derivatives of each root, he distinguished between the verb
and noun forms, and placed the verbs with four-letter roots at
the end of each letter sequence (as had been the custom of the
early Jewish grammarians). All locators were given in Hebrew
letters and numbers, and all verses were cited. This work, too,
appeared posthumously in Basel in the year 1632 under the edi­
34 Calasio, Mario di.
Concordantiae sacrorum bibliorum Hebraicorum, in quibus
Chaldacae etiam librorum Esdrae et Danielis suo loco inseruntur . . . novo ordine
digerunt.
Rome: S. Paulinus, 1621. 4 v.
35 Buxtorf, Johannes (the Elder).
Concordantiae bibliorumHebraicae. . . accesserunt
novae concordantiae Chaldaicae omnium vocum . . . perJohannem Buxtorfiumfilium
. . .
Basel: L. Konig, 1632. 1 v. (unpaged)