Page 128 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 44

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Isny (1541),13 Augsburg (1543); 3 Constance (1543), 4 and
Ichenhausen (1544), 14as well as Cracow. So the paradigm of the
survival of the fittest, or the successful, again came into play.
Earlier it was in evidence as the Soncino type prevailed in the fif­
teenth century and, later, as Amsterdam types prevailed in the
late seventeenth century. In this instance, it is a Southern
Germany/Swiss type that prevailed as the type for Yiddish.
By 1545,
Yiddish Type
is found in a
in Venice,15 in
Zurich in 1546,16 in Yiddish directions in an Ashkenazi rite
prayerbook printed in Mantua17 in 1557-58, and in a Pentateuch
printed in Cremona18 in 1560. A little later, Cracow19was using
Yiddish Type
seemingly more influenced by the Southern
Germany/ Swiss family of type than by its indigenous earlier
types.20 In the remainder of the first hundred years of Yiddish
printing, examples of
Yiddish Type
can also be found in Basel,21
Prague,22 Hanau,23 Lublin,24 and elsewhere.
Yiddish Type
was victorious, but not unequivocally. I have found
Yiddish in rabbinic type in Mantua in 1558;25 in Venice, in
1578;26 in Cracow, in 1584, ironically for the second edition of
Sefer shel rabi Anshel;
in Prague, in 159027 where square and
13 For facsimile, see Weinreich,
p. 108 or IDC,
(Isny, 1542).
14 For Ichenhausen facsimile, see M.W. Bernstein,
Der sefer
unzer fon
Aires: Bikher Veit, 1957), p. 26.
15 For facsimile, see IDC,
Sefer Tehillim
(Venice, 1545).
16 Figure 2 for Zurich facsimile.
17 Daily Prayers, German rite (Mantua, 1557-58).
18 For facsimile, see IDC,
Hamishah Humshei Torah. . .
(Cremona, 1560).
19 For Cracow (1582) facsimile, see Fuks,
Melo»kim Bu»k,
opposite p. 37, or IDC,
Mizvat Nashim
(Cracow, 1577).
20 See note 12 for reference to a facsimile o f the 1534
Mirkevet hamishneh.
A fac­
simile of the title page of
Den muser un hanhoge
(Cracow, 1535) can be found in
p. 204; four pages o f this work appear in facsimile in
Almanach des Schocken Verlags. . . 5695
(Berlin: Schocken, 1934/35), between
pp. 136 and 137. Note that the
Yiddish Type
is indiscriminately also used for
some o f the Hebrew (last page).
21 IDC,
Hamishah Humshei Torah. . .
(Basel, 1583).
22 IDC,
Sam Hayyim
(Prague, 1590).
23 IDC,
Hamishah Humshei Torah. .
. (Hanau, 1617).
24 IDC,
(Lublin, 1623-27).
25 Daily Prayers, German rite (Mantua, 1558).
26 Daily Prayers, German rite (Venice, 1578).
Mishle Chachamim
(Prague, 1590).