Page 214 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 44

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JEWISH BOOK ANNUAL
tine, May 29, 1887, died in Haifa in 1958. A graduate o f a teacher’s
institute in Jerusalem, he collected folk tales o f Palestinian Jewry
and published them. He also explored the kabbalistic traditions o f
Palestine to which he dedicated his thesis at the Sorbonne in Paris.
He likewise translated Plato’s
Symposium
into Hebrew as well as many
works from the French.
S im on G e r s o n B e r n s t e i n .
25th anniversary o f death. Born in Jakob-
stadt, Courland, in 1882, died in New York, December 17, 1962. He
had both an academic secular and traditional education and was for
many years active as a Zionist publicist in this country, where he
edited the Yiddish magazine o f the Zionist Organization o f Amer­
ica. His principal scholarly activity was, however, devoted to medi­
eval Hebrew poetry. Thus, he edited several o f the major works o f
Moses Ibn Ezra and Judah Halevi and those o f many lesser known
medieval Hebrew poets.
B en jam in
J.
B i a l o s t o t z k y .
25th anniversary o f death. Born in Pumpe-
nai, Lithuania, in 1892, died in New York, September 22, 1962. In
the United States since 1911, he wrote for the
Jewish Daily Forward
and published Yiddish poetry and folklore. He edited a memorial
volume for the Yiddish poet, David Edelstadt and also the parables
of the Dubner Maggid.
N a t h a n B i rn b a um .
50th anniversary o f death. Born in Vienna in 1864,
died in Scheveningen, Netherlands, April 3, 1937. More than a dec­
ade before Herzl, Birnbaum advocated the restoration o f theJewish
nation in Palestine and coined the term, Zionism. In the early years
o f the organized Zionist movement, he was its eloquent advocate,
but later turned away from secular Jewish nationalism and began to
plead for a return to tradition. He assumed leadership for a while in
the Agudat Israel, the world federation o f Orthodox Judaism. He
likewise promoted the Yiddish language as the principal expression
o f the Jewish people, although his language was German. Partly on
his initiative the Czernowitz Conference on Yiddish was called in
1908. His Orthodoxy had a utopian tinge as he thought that it might
induce its adherents to return to the soil in underdeveloped coun­
tries. His literary activity was confined to pamphleteering for his
various causes. In English there appeared
Confession
(1947) and
The
Bridge
(1956).
J u d a h L o e b C a h a n .
50th anniversary o f death. Born in Vilna in 1881,
died in New York, April 3, 1937. Throughout his life he was inter­
ested in Jewish folklore and edited many collections o f Yiddish
folksongs and folktales, particularly after his arrival in the United
States in 1904. When Yivo was organized in Vilna in 1924, he helped
establish the American branch, which after World War II became
the main center o f this important research institute. His valuable