Page 222 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 44

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in 1870 and was among the founders o f Petah Tikvah. A critic o f the
prevailing Halukah (charity) system by which pious Jews in the Dias­
pora supported their indigent brethren in Palestine, he favored self-
reliance through farm work. He founded a society for this purpose,
although there was a good deal o f opposition to his views. His advo­
cacy is reflected in numerous pamphlets, also in a work opposing
Reform Judaism. He likewise edited some rabbinic texts.
A l e x a n d e r S c h o r .
250th anniversary o f death. Born in the 17th century
in Poland, died in Zolkiew, Poland, January 29, 1737. After serving
several communities in Poland as rabbi, he settled in Zolkiew as a dis­
tiller in order to be independent o f communal quarrels. His manual
for kosher slaughtering became very popular and is considered
basic for every practitioner o f the art.
Z a lm a n S h n e o u r .
100th anniversary o f birth. Born in Shklov, Russia,
February 11, 1887, died in New York in 1959. Along with Bialik and
Tschernichowsky he is considered a major figure in modern
Hebrew literature. Before World War I he lived in Vilna and
Warsaw, then for a number o f years in Berlin, when that city was a
center o f Hebrew publishing. During World War II he escaped to
America and finally settled in Israel. He was a prolific writer o f both
poetry and prose in Hebrew and Yiddish. His best-known work in
English translation is
Noah Pandre, a Novel
(1936; also published
under the title,
Song o f the Dnieper,
1945). It depicts the life o f the
East European shtetl with insight and humor.
M a t i t y a h u S h o h am .
50th anniversary o f death. Born in Warsaw,
Poland, in 1893, died there, July 4, 1937. A Hebrew poet and dram­
atist he is recognized as a major figure in modern Hebrew literature,
although his poetry uses an archaic Hebrew style and his dramas are
too involved with the presentations o f philosophical ideas to be suit­
able for performance. Yet his lyricism has a striking effect on his
readers. In his plays he utilized biblical themes, which he invested
with his views about Israel’s and the world’s redemption.
I s a i a h S on n e .
100th anniversary o f birth. Born in Galicia, February 26,
1887, died in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1960. After graduating from the
University o f Zurich and the rabbinical seminary in Florence, Italy,
he taught at the latter institution for a number o f years and later
directed the seminary in Rhodes until the anti-Semitic legislation in
Italy closed that school in 1938. The last 20 years o f his life he was
associated with the Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati. He pub­
lished several studies in Hebrew on the history o f the Jews in Italy,
also editing important sources in this area. He translated a tractate
by Spinoza into Hebrew. In English there appeared
The Bible asRead
and Preached in the Old Synagogue
(in collaboration with Jacob Mann,