Page 87 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 44

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MAIER /JUDAIC STUDIES IN THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY
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had to manage the setting up of aJudaica library at the same time.
Fund raising to build the library continued to be a most pressing
concern. The German university system viewed Judaic studies as
a “small discipline” in terms of student enrollment, especially
when compared to German, English or French philology. These
were years in which German universities saw an increase in
enrollment, particularly in the “large disciplines.” The responsi­
ble officials allocated funds according to enrollment statistics, not
according to the special needs of particular fields. Nevertheless,
Cologne was able in due course to build a modest, but useful
library of approximately 30,000 volumes. In 1971, Dr. Hermann
Greive, the first assistant at the Martin Buber Institute, received
permission to lecture in the field of Jewish studies. In 1980 he
achieved the rank of professor at the Institute. In the same year
Dr. Hannelore Kiinzl was granted permission to lecture on the
history of Jewish art, and the following year Dr. Hans Georg von
Mutius was authorized to lecture on Jewish studies. Due to the
death of Dr. Greive, in January 1984, a new professor will begin
his work at the Institute this year. In the meantime, Dr. Rolf
Schmitz, an expert in library science and Judaic studies, has been
appointed as the academic official in charge of the Institute’s
library.
Members of the staff and doctoral students have published a
number of studies on various subjects during the first twenty
years of the Institute’s existence. The variety of subjects dealt
with is characteristic of Cologne’s approach to Judaic studies.
Whereas Frankfurt has concentrated on Rabbinics, with especial
emphasis on Midrash, and Berlin has focused on Hekhalot litera­
ture, Cologne allowed its staff and students their free choice. The
goal was to achieve a program which would be as broad as possi­
ble and which would attract as many students as possible from a
variety of disciplines. In the winter semester of 1983/84, 77 stu­
dents were enrolled; in 1984/85 — 91 students; in 1985/86 —
some 100 students.
The themes chosen for dissertations did not follow any particu­
lar guidelines, but were the result of individual students’choices.
They included such diverse topics as: “The relationship between
Catholic theology and anti-Semitic ideology before 1933”; “Rab
and esoteric trad itions”; “The use o f Hebrew in Christian
communities and especially in Israel”; “Incantation formulas in
the ‘Sefer ha-Razim’ ”; “Literary structures in Midrash Qoheleth