Page 121 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 45

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MILLER / FROM JEWISH FESTSCHRIFT
1 1 3
standing, one can see a significant increase in the number of
Festschriften in Jewish studies in the thirty-four years between
the publication of the two indexes.
During the 1930s Jewish studies were pursued in very few insti­
tutions o f higher learning. Aside from the four seminaries,
Hebrew Union College, Jewish Institute of Religion, The Jewish
Theological Seminary of America, and Yeshiva University, there
was only one full-time program in Jewish studies, at Dropsie
College. With the exception of Salo W. Baron at Columbia Uni­
versity and Harry A. Wolfson at Harvard there were no profes­
sorships in Jewish studies at any of the major American universi­
ties. Scholars interested in Jewish studies, such as Richard
Gottheil and William Popper, taught at colleges and universities
where much o f their teaching and research time had to be
devoted to their non-Jewish fields of specialization.
It was also during this time that Hebrew teachers’colleges were
established and grew in order to meet the need for a native-born
and pedagogically up-to-date body of religious school teachers.
In cities such as Baltimore, Boston, Chicago, Cleveland, and
Philadelphia young people interested in furthering their knowl­
edge of Judaism, Jewish history, life and thought were able to do
so at such colleges, often attending them at the same time as
matriculating in secular institutions.
Then, in the 1960s, there was a dramatic increase of interest in
Jewish studies in the United States and Canada. The causes can
be related to the sudden interest in ethnic studies in general, i. e.
Black, Chicano, Native American, etc., and the tremendous
surge o f pride within the American and Canadian Jewish
communities brought about by Israel’s military victories in 1967.
By and large, the other ethnic programs have faded from the
scene, but the field of Jewish studies has continued to grow, even
becoming a surrogate religion to some of those who grew up with
little or no religious or cultural background. The appearance of
Berlin’s index in 1971 can thus be seen as a reflection of this
growth and the need to provide reference tools for the growing
numbers of undergraduate and graduate students in this old-
new field.
In Israel, the field of Jewish studies has understandably always
commanded a lion’s share of interest within the humanities and
social sciences o f that country’s academic establishment. It
should, therefore, come as no surprise to learn that in the fifteen