Page 192 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 45

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for a while was a leading figure in the Menshevik party that tried to
cooperate with the Communists. After 1930 he went into exile first
in Berlin and later in New York where he was active in Yiddish jour­
nalism. He also published autobiographical volumes in Yiddish that
shed light on this important period o f modern history.
S h m u e l Y o s e f A g n o n .
100th anniversary o f birth. Born in Buczacz,
Galicia, July 17, 1888, died inJerusalem in 1970. The first winner of
the Nobel Prize for achievement in Hebrew literature, he began to
write in Hebrew at a time when Yiddish had a much larger audience.
Before World War I he had already settled in Palestine, but during
the War and several years thereafter he lived in Germany, where his
literary outlook became broadened, absorbing the best in modern
European literature, and winning the friendship and admiration of
the philanthropist Salmann Schocken, who supported him. On his
return to Palestine in 1924, he produced a great many stories and
novels in Hebrew, which mirrored his nostalgia for the shtetl of
Eastern Europe, but at the same time indicated that that pattern of
Jewish life had come to an end even before the Holocaust. Among
his works in English translation are
The Bridal Canopy
(1937, 1967,
A Guest for the Night
(1968), and
In the Heart of the Seas
popular anthology about the High Holidays is
Days ofAwe
W i l h e lm B a c h e r .
75th anniversary of death. Born in Lipto-Szent-
Miklos, Hungary, now Czechoslovakia, in 1850, died in Budapest,
Hungary, December 25, 1913. For many years he served as profes­
sor at the rabbinical seminary in Budapest. His studies, mostly in
German, dealt with the talmudic Aggadah, with the terminology of
the talmudic rabbis, and with medieval Hebrew grammar. He also
wrote aboutJudeo-Persian literature. Many o f his studies have been
translated into Hebrew. On a more popular level, he also edited a
Hungarian Jewish magazine. He was an important contributor to
Jewish Encyclopedia,
serving on its Foreign Board of Consulting
Y i t z h a k ( F r i t z ) B a e r .
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Halberstadt,
Germany, December 20, 1888, died in Jerusalem in 1980. A major
Jewish historian o f our time, he was on the staff o f the Academy o f
Jewish Research in Germany before accepting a call in 1928 to teach
at the Hebrew University inJerusalem, where he spent the rest o f his
life. He specialized in the history o f Spanish Jewry, his books being
published in German, Hebrew, and Spanish. In English translation
there appeared
(1947), expounding his unique philosophy of
Jewish history, in which he contended that all o f Jewish history had
been an attempt to overcome the Exile and return to the ancient
homeland. Another work in English translation was
A History of the
Jews in Christian Spain