Page 193 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 45

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WIENER/JEWISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
1 8 5
M e n a c h e m B e g i n .
75th birthday. Born in Brest-Litovsk, Poland, August
16, 1913. An active Zionist Revisionist in Poland before World War
II, he was imprisoned by the Soviets at the beginning of the war, but
eventually reached Palestine in 1942. The account o f his imprison­
ment is given in his
White Nights
(1957, 1977, 1979). His under­
ground activities as leader of the Irgun Zvai Leumi during the last
years o f the British Mandate over Palestine are recorded in
The
Revolt {
1948, 1951, 1964, 1972, 1977). In Hebrew he published like­
wise the underground magazines and broadsides from that period.
After decades in opposition to the Labor Government, he finally
became prime minister in 1977, serving until 1982. During his term
o f office, a peace treaty was signed with Egypt, which earned him a
share in the Nobel Peace Prize, and made him the only Israeli to
receive this honor.
S c h a l o m B e n C h o r i n .
75th birthday. Born in Munich, Germany, July
20, 1913. A Zionist from his early youth he went to Palestine in 1935
and was active for many years in German language journalism
there. He also helped organize a liberal congregation in Jerusalem.
In recent decades he has been much sought after in West Germany
as a spokesman and interpreter of Judaism to wide sections of the
German Christian community. He has published a series o f lectures
on many aspects of Judaism and has also written several autobi-
ograhical works. In English there appeared
Hear, O Israel: a Mystic
Novel on Yitzhak Luria
(1972).
I z h a k B e n -Z v i .
25th anniversary of death. Born in Poltava, Ukraine, in
1884, died in Jerusalem, April 23, 1963. An active Zionist, he came
to Palestine in 1907 and soon became a leader in the Labor Zionist
movement in close association with David Ben-Gurion. During WW
I, both were exiled by the Turks and lived in the United States and
returned to Palestine as soldiers in the Jewish Legion. In addition to
numerous articles on Zionism, he also wrote a book on the life o f the
Jews in Arab countries, which was published in English under the
title,
The Exiled and the Redeemed
(1957, 1961, 1976). His reminis­
cences about his service in the Jewish Legion are entitled
The Hebrew
Battalion
(1969). Last but not least he should be remembered as the
second president of Israel, succeeding Chaim Weizmann in 1952
and serving in this office until his death.
B i b l e , H e b r e w .
1488. 500th anniversary of the completion of the first
printing o f the Hebrew Bible in Soncino, Italy, April 23,1488. While
parts o f the Bible had been printed earlier, this was the first com­
plete edition. It was vocalized, but without commentaries. The
printer was Abraham ben Hayyim, of Bologna. For some time
Soncino became an important center of Hebrew printing, giving its