Page 197 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 45

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WIENER/JEWISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
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devoted largely to Israel’s military history, such as
The War ofAtone­
ment
(1975) and
The Arab-Israeli Wars
(1982, 1984). His addresses at
the United Nations are gathered in
Who Stands Accused? Israel
Answers Its Critics
(1978).
I s a a c H e r z o g .
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Lomza, Poland,
December 2, 1888, died in Jerusalem in 1959. Settling with his fam­
ily in England, he became a rabbi, serving in Belfast, Northern
Ireland, and later chief rabbi of the Irish Free State, headquartered
in Dublin. In 1936 he succeeded Abraham Isaac Kook as chief rabbi
of Palestine, eventually becoming chief rabbi of the state o f Israel.
An outstanding rabbinic scholar who wrote several collections of
responsa, he also began a systematic work on Jewish law in English,
The Institutions ofJewish Law (
1936-1939, 1966-1967). One of his sons
is Chaim Herzog, the current president o f Israel.
S a m s o n R a p h a e l H i r s c h .
100th anniversary of death. Born in Ham­
burg, Germany, in 1808, died in Frankfurt am Main, December 31,
1888. Belonging to the first generation of German rabbis with a
higher secular education, he did not opt for religious reform but
adhered to tradition as he saw it. To carry out his program, he
founded a separate Jewish congregation in Frankfurt, which
according to the prevailing state legislation regarding Jewish con­
gregations was frought with many obstacles. Beyond that he started
the so-called Neo-Orthodox movement with the slogan
Torah im
derekh eretz,
i.e. tradition in a modern setting, which would make it
possible for believers to avail themselves of all the opportunities
which the latest in science and culture had to offer. Among the
works of Hirsch translated into English are
Horeb, a Philosophy ofJew­
ish Law and Observances
(1962) and
Timeless Torah
(1957), a selection
of his writings; also the
Hirsch Siddur (
1969), as well as his commen­
tary on the Torah in several translations.
A b r a h a m
Z.
I d e l s o h n .
50th anniversary of death. Born in Felixberg,
Russia, in 1882, died in Johannesburg, South Africa, August 14,
1938. A cantor, who also studied in Germany, he is the founder of
modern Jewish musicology, while at the same time composing music
for the synagogue and setting to music modern Hebrew poems, he
also composed a Hebrew opera based on the life of Japhthah.
Before WW I he already had settled in Jerusalem, where he col­
lected the different synagogue chants from all Near Eastern coun­
tries, which he published eventually under the title,
Thesaurus ofOri­
ental Hebrew Melodies
(1923-33, new ed., 1973). From 1924 until
1934 he served as professor of Jewish music and liturgy at the
Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati. During this time he wrote the
Jewish Song Book
(1928,1951),
The Ceremonies ofJudaism
(1928
),Jewish